Leiv Opstad


The exam is an important tool for learning and measuring students’ knowledge and competence. However, there are no standard answers as to how exams are best suited to ensure this. There is considerable variation in students’ preferences for different exam types. In this study, the focus is on students’ attitudes towards the choice of exam type. This survey features management students from Norway, who study for a master's degree in order to pursue a career in the public sector. The results show that students are well motivated to learn, but they are sensitive to the choice of exam type. This affects effort, motivation, and expected success. There are different views on the types of exams that are perceived to be fair. The oral exam stands out in particular, as female students have great anxiety in relation to this form of exam.


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assessment evaluation, students’ attitudes, exam format, management students

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