Wambugu Pachomius, Zachary Njagi Ndwiga, Rebecca Wachira


The use of drama rehearsals as a tool for inculcating discipline among students had been investigated by a number of scholars and education practitioners on global, continental and regional levels. However notable that drama rehearsals as a tool for inculcating discipline could be overlooked as a result of its demands, such as time. Therefore, purpose of the study was to determine effectiveness of drama rehearsals as a strategy in the management of discipline in secondary schools in central region, Kenya. The study used descriptive survey design. The target population was 79 deputy principals, 79 drama teachers, and 1888 drama students and non-drama students in secondary school in Central Region, Kenya. Both the census technique and random sampling were used to get a representative sample size of 419 respondents. Data was collected from the respondents using pretested questionnaires and was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) and then interpreted. The study found that the relationship between drama rehearsals and management of discipline among secondary school students was significant. The study therefore recommended that there was need to for school administrators to facilitate more drama rehearsals in order to improve the levels of discipline among students. This will improve their communication skills and as a result bring more rapport between the students and administrators.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


drama rehearsals, management of discipline students’ behaviour

Full Text:



Alemayehu, T. M. (2012). Assessment of students’ misbehavior and coping strategies (in the case of Shashemene secondary school). (MA thesis); Addis Ababa University. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Ali, A., Dada, I., Isiaka, G., & Salmon, S. (2014).Types, Causes and Management of Indiscipline Acts among Secondary School Students in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences, 8(2), 254-287

Blaya, C. (2012). School climate and violence in French and English secondary education

systems, in E. Debarbieux and C. Blaya (eds) Violence in Schools and Public Policies,

Paris, Elsevier Science, 141-158.

Boxford S., (2006). Schools and the Problem of Crime, Cullumpton/Devon, Willan Publishing.

Broadhurst, K., Duffin M., & Taylor E.(2008).Gangs and Schools: Interim Report. An interim report for the NAS/UWT, Leicester, Perpetuity Research and Consultancy International Ltd.

Buchanan, M. (2010). The Importance of Drama in Primary Education. Retrieved from

Bushaw, W. J., & Lopez, S. J. (2010). A time for change: The 42nd annual Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup Poll of the public's attitudes toward the public schools. Phi Delta Kappan,92(1), 9-26.

Canter, L. (2009). The behavior management cycle: Retrieved from

Catteral, J. (2002). Research on drama and theatre in education. Critical Links: Learning in the arts and Student Academic and Social Development. Research Compendium, National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved from http:/ Files-CL drama

Dalporto, D. (2013). Restorative Justice: A Different Approach to Discipline. We Are Teachers. Retrieved 1 June 2017.

Eshetu, A. A. (2014). Indiscipline Problems of High School Students: the Case of Ethio-Japan Hidasse Secondary School (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Journal of Education and Practice, 5(37), 23-28

Formosinho, M., Taborda, M. C., & Fonseca, A. (2008). Bullying in adolescence: data from Portuguese school. In R. Astor, E. Debardieux, & C. NETO (Eds). 4th World Conference on Violence in School and Public Policies (p. 33). Lisboa: Edições FMH.

Fuchs, M. (2009). Impact of school context on violence at schools. A multi-level analysis, International Journal on Violence and Schools, 7, 1, 20-42.

Fuchs, M., & Schmalz, S. (2009). School Violence: Findings of a longitudinal study conducted in Bavaria (Germany), Revista de Reinserção Social e Prova, 2, 1, 43-53.

Gardner, M., Roth, J., & Brooks-Gunn, 1. (2008). Adolescents' participation in organized activities and developmental success 2 and 8 years after high school: Do sponsorship, duration, and intensity matter? Developmental Psychology, 44(3), 814-830.

Gitome, J., Katola, M & Nyabwari, B. (2013). Correlation Between Students’ Discipline and Performance in the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education. International Journal of Education and Research 1(8)

Government of Kenya (2016). Education Report, Students unrest in schools in Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya: Government Printers.

Gottfredson, D. (1985). School Size and Disorder. Centre for Social Organization of Schools, Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins University.

Gottfredson, G. D. & Gottfredson, D. C. (1985). Victimization in Schools. New York: Plenum health of elementary schools. School Psychology Quarterly, 23(4), 462-473.

Gyan, E., Baah-Korang, K., McCarthy, P., & McCarthy, P. (2015). Causes of Indiscipline and Measures of Improving Discipline in Senior Secondary Schools in Ghana: Case Study of a Senior Secondary School in Sunyani. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(11), 19-25

Hayden, C. (2009). Deviance and Violence in Schools a Review of the Evidence in England. International Journal of Violence and School, 9, 7-30

Kajubi, S. W. (2007). Discipline Corporal Punishment and Violence Against Children in the school system. Keynote Address; Public Lecture, 13th June 1997, Makerere University.

Kava Cultural Group Association, (n.d). Drama Improves. Lisbon Key Competences in Education (DICE), Budapest, HU. Retrieved from

Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) (2006). Facilitator’s handbook on Life skills education, for prevention of drugs and substance abuse. Kenya Institute of Education.

Kenya National Assembly (KNA) (2008). Report of the departmental committee on education, research and technology on the inquiry into students’ unrests and strikes in secondary schools. Kenya National Assembly.

Kenya National Drama Festival. (2013). Revised Rules and Regulations. Nairobi. Ministry of Education.

Kenya National Drama Festival. (2016). Revised Rules and Regulations. Nairobi. Ministry of Education.

Kimotho, F., Njoka, J., & Gitumu, M. (2019, September 17). Effectiveness of Counselors in Managing Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya: Case of Mt. Kenya East Selected Counties. African Journal of Education, Science and Technology, 5(2), Pg 220-228. Retrieved from

Lipman, M. (2002). Interview. Critical & Creative Thinking: The Australasian Journal of Philosophy for Children.

Masitsa, G. (2008). Discipline and disciplinary measures in the free state Township schools: Unresolved problems. Acta Academia 40 (3), 234-270.

Mbiti, D. M. (2007). Foundations of school administration. Nairobi: Oxford University Press, East African Ltd.

McMaster, J. C. (1998). “Doing” Literature: Using Drama to Build Literacy. The Reading Teacher, 574-584. (EJ562451). Retrieved from

Ministry of Education Science and Technology (MOEST) (2000). Report on Causes, Effects and Remedies of indiscipline in Secondary Schools in central province. MOEST.

Ministry of Education Science and Technology (MOEST) (2001). Report of the task force on student discipline and unrest in secondary schools. Wangai Report, Jomo Kenyatta Foundation.

Ministry of Education Science and Technology (MOEST) (2008). Elimu News. Ministry of Education, Jogoo House.

Ministry of Education Science and Technology (MOEST) (2009). Elimu News. Unpublished

Nakpodia, E. D. (2010). Teachers’ disciplinary approaches to students’ problems in Nigerian secondary schools. International NGO Journal, 5(6). Accessed 2 December, 2018.

Ncube, B. (2013). Parental involvement in school discipline. Harare, College Press.

Ndagire, B. (2012). Management of Students Discipline in Private Secondary schools in Entebbe Municipality. A Dissertation directed to the Directorate of Research. Kampala. Uganda: Makerere University.

Ngigi, F. (2010, October 19). Not Again! Tragedy: Two parish as students’ torch dormitory. The standard, pp1,8.

Ngugi, G. M. (2007). Factors Contributing to Students Indiscipline and Unrest in Secondary Schools in Maragua District. Unpublished Masters’ Thesis. Egerton University

Ngunyi, J. C. (2014). Influence of Alternative Disciplinary Measures on Students’ Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Nyandarua South Sub – County, Kenya. (Unpublished Masters Thesis), University of Nairobi

Ngwokabuenui, P. Y. (2015). Students’ Indiscipline: Types, Causes and Possible Solutions: The Case of Secondary Schools in Cameroon. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(22), 64-72

Obidike, N. D. (2004). Development and validation of disciplinary management skill assessment scale for principals in Anambra State. Unpublished PhD thesis Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.

Okone, S. (2016). Analysis of the Banning of Corporal Punishment With Specific Reference To Mill's Theory Of Utilitarianism: A Case Of Secondary Schools In Kisii Central Sub-County, Kenya. Unpublished Thesis, Egerton University

Okumu, M. O. (2014). An Investigation of Factors Influencing Indiscipline Among Students in Public Day Secondary Schools in Makadara District, Nairobi County. Unpublished Thesis, Kenyatta University

Oluremi F. D. (2013).Truancy and Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Southwestern Nigeria: Implications for Counseling. International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education; 3(2): 1424-1428.

Ouma, M. A., Simatwa, E. M., & Serem, T. (2013). Management of pupil discipline in Kenya: A Case Study of Kisumu Municipality. Educational Research, 4(5), 2141-5161.

Republic of Kenya (2012). Reforming Education and Training Sectors in Kenya. Sessional Paper No. 14 of 2012, Nairobi: Government Printers.

Simatwa, E. M. W. (2012). Management of Students’ Discipline in secondary schools in Kenya, a case study of Bungoma County. Educational Research 3(2)172 – 189. Retrieved from

Tan, E., & Yuansha, C. (2014). Discipline problems in schools: teachers’ perception. Teaching and Learning 19(2): 1-12.

Ulas, A. H. (2008). Effects of Creative, Educational Drama Activities on Developing Oral Skills in Primary School Children. American Journal of Applied Sciences. 5 (7): 876-880,2008. Retrieved from

Wanyama, C. (2006). Kenyan schoolgirls raped on March: at least 15 schoolgirls in Kenya were raped during a night-time protest march in the central district of Nyeri. British Broadcasting Corporation News.

Wasambo, W. (2014). A Traditional Ritual ceremony as Edurama: A case study of Imbalu ritual among the Bukusu of western Kenya, Kenya: Kenyatta University.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Wambugu Pachomius, Zachary Njagi Ndwiga, Rebecca Wachira

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).