Helen Agashi, Agashi Pius Petinga, Ezeike Anthonia Ekwutosi


The study was on the perception of secondary school teachers on their satisfaction of Levels 1 – 3 of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in Kogi East Senatorial District of Kogi State, Nigeria. The sample for the study consisted of 302 secondary school teachers from three randomly selected council areas in the district. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The research instrument was “Teachers Perception of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Questionnaire” (TPMHNQ). TPMHNQ was constructed by the researchers and validated by three experts in the Department of Curriculum & Teaching, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria. The reliability of the instrument was calculated using Cronbach Alpha and the internal consistency was found to be 0.73. The instrument was administered on the sample with the aid of two research assistants. Data collected were analyzed using Mean to answer the research questions and Chi-Square to test the hypotheses. Among other findings were; (i) level 1 and 2 of Maslow’s hierarchy are not completely satisfied,  (ii) level 3 of Maslow’s hierarchy is not satisfied at all,  (iii) the satisfaction of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is depended on teachers qualification (p<0.05), (iv) satisfaction of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is dependent on gender (p<0.05).  Based on the findings, some recommendations were put forward among which are, (i) effort should be made by government in the areas of prompt payment of teachers’ salaries and allowances, (ii) government should provide good working conditions, (iii) teachers should be sponsored by government to workshops / conferences on regular basis to up-date their knowledge.


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