LA BANQUE ISLAMIQUE ; NATURE SPECIFIQUE ET EVOLUTION / THE ISLAMIC BANK; SPECIFIC NATURE AND EVOLUTION

Fadi Oukili Asraoui, Mhamed Hamich, Abdelfattah Lahiala

Abstract


La finance islamique est désormais une composante essentielle de la finance mondiale. Elle connait une croissance vertigineuse dans plusieurs pays musulmans à l’instar des pays de Golfe et de l’Asie Sud – Est. Elle a fait preuve d’innovation et a pu s’implanter dans plusieurs pays où elle cohabite avec la finance conventionnelle La finance participative, en se basant sur les percepts islamiques, peut présenter des opportunités qu’elle offrirait par sa contribution au financement des secteurs prioritaires. La finance islamique est une finance éthique qui s’inspire sur des valeurs morales et des enseignements de la Charia. Elle repose essentiellement sur l’interdiction des taux d’intérêt dans les opérations d’endettement (plus connu sous le nom de « riba »), et sur le principe de partage des pertes et des profits ; ce qui constitue les éléments distinctifs à l’égard de la finance conventionnelle.

Islamic finance is now an essential component of the global finance. It is experiencing dizzying growth in several Muslim countries such as the Gulf countries and Southeast Asia. It has demonstrated innovation and has been able to establish itself in several countries where it coexists with conventional finance
Crowdfunding, based on Islamic precepts, can present opportunities that it would offer through its contribution to funding priority sectors. Islamic finance is ethical finance that draws on moral values and the teachings of Sharia. It is essentially based on the prohibition of interest rates in debt transactions (better known as "riba"), and on the principle of profit and loss sharing; which constitutes the distinguishing elements with regard to conventional finance.

JEL: G21, G29

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Keywords


AAOIFI , banque islamique , IFSB / AAOIFI , Islamic bank, IFSB

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejefr.v5i2.1099

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