Festus A. Adegoju, Joseph Kolawole Abon, Francis Olatomirin


Several studies have attempted to identify adequate recovery strategies for athletes. But only paucity or none of such studies has been accessed which investigated long term effects of whole body vibration (WBV) as a recovery technique regimen before, during and after performance. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of whole body vibration training on selected performance-related physical fitness components of players in the University of Ibadan football team, Ibadan, Nigeria. The study was carried out using pretest/posttest/control group experimental research design. The sample size for this study was twenty participants. The participants were placed into experimental groups, who undertook eight weeks of whole body vibration training, and a control group who involved in their normal daily training regimen without the use of WBV for eight weeks. Two research questions were answered while four hypotheses were tested. Descriptive statistics of mean, percentages, chats and inferential statistics of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to test all hypotheses at 0.05 alpha levels of significance. The results of the study showed a significant difference in the pretest and posttest scores of players in leg power (F(1, 18) =10.047; p<0.05; ƞ2=.137) and balance (F(1, 18) =19.317; p<0.05; ƞ2=.327) but no significant difference in agility(F(1, 18) =1.3923; p>0.05; ƞ2=.031) and speed (F(1, 18) =1.006; p>0.05; ƞ2=.062). Two hypotheses were rejected and two were not rejected. The results of this study help to conclude that whole body vibration training significantly improved the leg power and balance recovery of the participants but did not significantly improve agility and speed of the participants. It was therefore recommended that football coaches should incorporate whole body vibration training into their training programme as leg power and balance are essential fitness components needed to play the game of football.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


whole body vibration training, performance, participants, Ibadan, components of physical fitness

Full Text:



American National Standards Institute. (ANSI) 2002. Guide for the Evaluation of Human Exposure to Whole-Body Vibration. ANSI 3(18). American National Standards Institute: New York.

Bissonnette, D.R., Weir, P.L., Leigh, L., Kenno, K. 2010. The effects of a whole-body advanced vibration exercise program on flexibility, balance, and strength in seniors. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 28, 225–234.

Bullock, N., Martin, D.T., Ross, A., Rosemond, C.D., Jordan, M.J., & Marino, F.E. 2008. Acute effect of whole-body vibration on sprint and jumping performance in elite skeleton athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 22(4), 1371-1374.

Cochrane D.J. 2011. Vibration Exercise: the potential benefits. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 32:75–99.

Cochrane, D.J., Legg, S.J. & Hooker, M.J. 2004. The Short-term Effect of Whole Body Vibration Training on Vertical Jump, Sprint and Agility Performance – randomized controlled trial. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(4): 82-32.

Colfer, G.R. 2004. Skill-related Physical Fitness Essential for Sports Success. tradoc.army.mil. archived from the original, June, 2011.

Davidson, B.S., Madigan, M.L & Nussbaum, M.A. 2004. Effects of Lumbar Extensor Fatigue and Fatigue Rate on Postural Sway. European Journal of Applied Physiology. Oct; 93(1-2): 183-9.

Delecluse, C., Roelants, M. and Verschueren, S.M. 2004. Whole-body-vibration training increases knee-extension strength and speed of movement in older women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52, 901–908.

Delecluse, C., Roelants, M., Coris, M., and Verschueren, S. 2004. Effects of 24 Weeks of Whole Body Vibration Training on Body Composition and Muscle Strength in Untrained Females. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 25:1–5.

Despina, T., George, D., George, T., Sotiris, P., Alessandra, D. C., George, K. 2014. Short-term effect of whole-body vibration training on balance, flexibility and lower limb explosive strength in elite rhythmic gymnasts. Hum Mov Sci, 33, 149-158.

Dolan, K. 2013. Reactive Agility, Core Strength, Balance, and Soccer Performance. Ithaca College Theses. Paper 14.

Fahey, T.D., Insel, P.M. & Roth, W.T. 2010. Fit & Well: core concepts and labs in physical fitness and wellness. 9th Edition. Boston, Mass: McGraw-Hill.

Gribble, P. A., and Hertel, J. 2003. Considerations for Normalizing Measures of the Star Excursion Balance Test. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 7, 89-100.

Hockey, R.V. 1996. Physical Fitness; The Pathway to Healthful Living. 7th Ed. USA: McGraw-Hill.

Hrysomallis, C. 2011. Balance Ability and Athletic Performance. Sports Medicine, 41(3), 221-232.

Johnstyles. Exercise to Improve Leg Power and Speed. www.fitness.com

Kurt, C. and Pekunlu, E. 2015. Acute Effect of Whole Body Vibration on Isometric Strength, Squat Jump, and Flexibility in Well-Trained Combat Athletes. Biology of Sport. 32:115–122.

Lorenzen, C., Maschette, W., Koh, M. & Wilson C. 2009. Inconsistent Use of Terminology in Whole Body Vibration Exercise Research. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 12:676–678.

Lovell, R., Midgley, A., Barrett, S., Carter, D., & Small, K. 2013. Effects of different half-time strategies on second half soccer-specific speed, power and dynamic strength. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 23(1), 105-113.

Martinez, F., Rubio-Arias, J.A., Ramos-Campo, D.J. & Jimenez, F. 2013. Effects of 6-week Whole Body Vibration Training on the Reflex Response of the Ankle Muscles – a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 8(1): 15-24.

Nina, V. and Ewald, H. 2012. Whole Body Vibration Improves the Accuracy of Motor Performance. Journal of Sports Medicine and Doping Studies, S7: 001 doi: 10.4172/2161-0673. S7-001.

Osawa, Y., and Oguma, Y. 2013. Effects of vibration on flexibility: a meta-analysis. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. 13:442–453.

Raczek, J., Mynarski, W. and Ljach, W. 2002. Formation and Assessment of Motor Coordination Abilities: a course book for teachers, trainers and students. Katowice: AWF Katowice.

Rittweger, J. 2010. Vibration as an Exercise Modality: how it may work, and what its potential might be. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 108:877–904.

Rowsell, G.J., Coutts, A.J., Reaburn, P., & Hill-Haas, S. 2009. Effects of Cold Water Immersion on Physical Performance between Successive Matches in High-Performance Junior Male Soccer Players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27: 565-573.

Sabzi, A.H., Abbasi, A., Rostamkhany, H. & Sabzi, E. 2012. The Effect of Whole Body Vibration Training on Choice Reaction Time in Male non Athlete Students. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 11(7): 862-866.

Sadowski, J. 2003. Fundamentals of Coordination Training in Eastern Martial Arts. Faculty of Physical Education, Biala: Podlaska.

Shumway-Cook, A., Anson, D. & Haller, S. 1988. Postural Sway Biofeedback: Its Effect on Reestablishing Stance Stability in Hemiplegic Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Jun; 69(6): 395-400.

Signorile, J. 2010. Whole Body Vibration, part one: what´s shakin’ now? Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 9.

Signorile, J.F. 2006. Whole Body Vibration Training: A new wave in exercise intervention for older adults? Journal on Active Aging, 5, 30–37.

Solanki, J., Joshi, N., Shah, C., Mehta, H.B. & Gokhle, P.A. 2012. A Study of Correlation between Auditory and Visual Reaction Time in Healthy Adults. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health. 2(2): 36-38.

Syatt, J. 2012. Developing Explosive Strength and Power for Athletic Performance.

Welford, A.T. 1980. Choice Reaction Time: Basic Concepts. Academic Press: New York.

Wyon M, Guinan D, Hawkey A. 2010. Whole-body vibration training increases vertical jump height in a dance population. Journal Strength Condition ResearcPh. 24:866–870.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejfnsm.v2i1.89


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Festus A. Adegoju, Joseph Kolawole Abon, Francis Olatomirin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2020. European Journal of Fitness, Nutrition and Sport Medicine Studies (ISSN 2668-9758, ISSN-l 2668-9758) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.