MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG GRADE EIGHT STUDENTS IN GOZAMIN WOREDA, EAST GOJJAM ZONE, AMHARA REGIONAL STATE: THE ROLE OF INDIVIDUAL AND SCHOOL CHARACTERISTICS

Demeke Wolie, Ashagrie Sharew

Abstract


In this era of globalization and technological revolution, education is considered as a first step for every human activity. It plays a vital role in the development of human capital and is linked with an individual’s well-being and opportunities for better living. In Ethiopia rate of enrollment in school has been growing tremendously since 1990’s. But the quality of education or student’s academic achievement in education is still under questions. Previous studies have never attempted multilevel approach to find student level and school level factors affecting students' academic performance. The main objective of this study was to identify both student level and school level factors affecting student academic performance and to see if there was school variation. Cluster proportional stratified sampling technique was to select sample students. The study has used two level linear regression approaches that enabled us to disaggregate total variation into school level variation and student level variation. The intercept only model showed that school level variance was significant (p=0.000) and 47% of total variation was attributed by schools. The fixed effect model showed that male students performed better than female students. Attitude of students towards learning, high school aspiration, motivation of families to teach, family size of 6-7 and class size of 30-40 had positive impact in academic performance. Whereas workload at home was negatively affecting students' academic performance.

 

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.820

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