JOHN DEWEY’S INFLUENCE ON TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM IN THE EARLY REPUBLIC ERA

Mustafa Şahin

Abstract


In this research, the influence of John Dewey’s visit to Turkey in 1924, his report on Turkish education system and its influence on Turkish education system in the early republic era were discussed. John Dewey was invited by Ministry of Education in 1924. He made investigations concerning the education system, participated in interviews, and submitted a report to the ministry. He stayed approximately two months in Istanbul and Ankara. He prepared two reports about Turkish education system: The first report was mainly about urgent addition of some allowances to the budget rather than a report on the general problems of education, and it was in nature of memorandum indicating how to share these allowances. After returning to his country, he wrote and sent the second report. Both reports were published by the Ministry of Education. Dewey emphasized a new and unique Turkish education system. Dewey stated that teachers’ salaries have to be increased rapidly, appointments should be balanced and it is crucial to provide housing for teachers. He emphasized the importance of awareness of the innovation of the managers and teachers in the education system through training magazines which will be published. He pointed out the importance of the establishment of a library in every school, and a course set on the librarianship at schools. He recommended establishment of an independent unit at the school buildings and architecture in the training organizations, and doing studies abroad on the subject. He expressed that Turkish education system was in a centralized structure whereas having a decentralized structure as well will form a structure distant from bureaucracy. Dewey’s suggestions tried to be implemented by some ministers especially by the Minister of Education, Mustafa Necati, in the early republic period. In this study, document analysis technique which was included in qualitative research methods was used. 

 

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Keywords


John Dewey, Early Republic Era, Turkey, Education

References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.786

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