Asige Geofrey Livumbaze, S.K. Judith Achoka


Excellent secondary school academic achievement in Kenya is received with jubilation as this forms the beginning of lucrative careers studied at universities or colleges by students. Students failing to achieve academically well in secondary school tend to miss out in post-secondary institutions and become relegated to less lucrative jobs. This study attempted to address the perennial problem of academic achievement in secondary schools that leads to students receding in test scores. It was geared at specifically analyzing factors contributing to academic achievement in secondary schools in Hamisi sub-county, Vihiga-Kenya. The study was guided by the following objective: To establish the impact of teaching and learning resources to students’ academic achievement in secondary schools in Hamisi Sub-county, Vihiga – Kenya. The study employed descriptive survey research design. The target population was 4,298 consisting of 41 Principals, 428 teachers, 3826 students, 1 DEO and 2 AEOs. Simple random sampling was used to select the teachers, students and the AEO. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the DEO. The sample size was 525 respondents consisting of 12 principals, 128 teachers, 383 students, one DEO and one AEO. Data collection tools used was structured and unstructured questionnaires, interview schedules and document analysis. Instrument validity was done through content validity whereas the test and re-test technique was used to test the reliability of the tools comparing with a Pearson Correlation Coefficient of 0.5. Quantitative data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and the data was presented using frequency counts, means and percentages with the aid of the SPSS Version 16.0. Qualitative data analysis was done thematically hence results of data analysis were presented in form of frequency distribution tables, bar/line graphs, and pie charts. The study established that students receded academically at the secondary schooling level as a result of factors related to Teaching and Learning Resources (TLR). It was recommended that the Government should roll out a fund to facilitate TLR production apart from encouraging the teachers to be innovative in production of these resources and that secondary schools should make achievement targets in respect to student entry behavior and work to augment this. These researchers hope that findings of this research will be vital for both Hamisi sub-county Education Office and the Ministry of Education Science and Technology in achieving the integral national goals of education which will transform the students into competitive global citizens.


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teaching/learning, resources, academic, achievement, receding test score, innovative, career


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