Muhammed Hüseyin Özer, Nilgün Dağ


This study analyzes the conceptual metaphors of primary school teacher candidates’ perceptions of “saving”. In the study, which was carried out according to the qualitative research methodology, the forms, frequencies and functions of 93 metaphorical usages related to saving were shown. In the study carried out using the qualitative research method, a basic qualitative research pattern was used and qualitative data were obtained through metaphors. The participants of the research, 205 primary education teachers participated in in-service training courses/seminars in the central Tarsus, Akdeniz, Yenişehir and Mezitli districts of Mersin province and Tarsus, Erdemli and Silifke districts, in the 2018-2019 academic year. The convenience sampling method was preferred in determining the study group of the research. The data of the research were collected through an opinion form, which was created by using structured pattern questions. Pattern questions used in this form are expressed as “Saving is …; because it is ...” and “When I think of saving, the first word that comes to mind is …” and “When I think of saving, the first person that comes to mind is …”. Content analysis technique was used in the analysis and interpretation of the data. The results showed that 93 different metaphors related to the concept of “saving” were produced by 205 primary education teachers participating in the research and the most mentioned metaphors were “future”, “water” and “life”. Primary education teachers stated 68 kinds of metaphors related to the first word that came to their minds about the concept of “savings” and the metaphors they mentioned the most were “Money”, “accumulation” and “thrift”. Regarding the first person that comes to mind about the concept of “saving”, it was seen that the primary education teachers stated 23 types of metaphors, and the metaphors they stated the most were “mother”, “father” and “wife”.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


metaphor, primary education, saving

Full Text:



Arslan, M. M. & Bayrakci, M. (2006). An examination of metaphorical thinking and learning from educational view. National Education, 35(171), 100-108.

Bayhan, P., Yukselen, A. & Kaysılı, B. K. (2010). The study of children’s understanding of economic causation according to age differences. Education and Science, 32(143), 3-12.

Cebeci, O. (2013). Metaphor and structural features of poetic language. İstanbul: İthaki Yayınları.

Cetin, B. (2014). The relation of education and development: the sample of turkey. Unpublished master’s thesis, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University Social Sciences Institute, Karaman.

Cicek, A. (2000). Social and cultural factors affecting the consumption and saving trends of families from various income profiles: A survey study of Elazig. Unpublished master’s thesis, Fırat University Social Sciences Institute, Elazig.

Devellioglu, F. & Kilickini, N. (1975). Ottoman-Turkish school dictionary. Istanbul: Rafet Zaimler Bookstore.

Dogan, M. (1996). Large Turkish dictionary. Ankara: Iz Publishing.

Ergenekon, S. (1996). Sociological factors affecting the tendency to save. Unpublished doctoral thesis. Istanbul University Social Sciences Institute, Istanbul.

Hayta, A. B. (2008). Ailelerin tasarruf ve yatırım eğilimlerinin incelenmesi. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 16(2), 345-358.

Kanik, Z. B. (2017). Education and saving relation: An implementation for Turkey. Unpublished master's thesis, Cankaya University Social Sciences Institute. Ankara.

Lakoff, G. & Johnson, M. (2005). Metaphors: Life, meaning and language (Translator: G.Y. Demir). Istanbul: Paradigm Publishing.

Merriam, S. B. (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Morgan, G. (1998). Metaphor in management and organization theory (Translator: G. Bulut). Istanbul: MESS.

Ozer, M. H. (2018). The truth of saving in a globalizing world (pp. 1-423). I. International Symposium on Contemporary Education and Social Sciences, Antalya-Turkiye, 22-25 November, available at: http://www.iscess.com/Content_Files/Content/iscessOzetMetinV3.pdf

Parasiz, I. (2006). Entry into business. Bursa: Ezgi Bookstore.

Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. USA: Sage.

Sancak, E. & Demirci, N. (2012). National savings and importance of savings for sustainable growth in Turkiye. The International Journal of Economic and Social Research, 8(2), 159-198.

Tas, H. U. & Eser-Unaldi, U. (2013). The place and importance of geography education in creating saving consciousness (example of Ordu city). International Journal of Social Science, 6(7), 1069-1098.

Uluyol, O. (2011). Türkiye’de ailelerin tasarruf yapma alışkanlıkları ve tasarrufları değerlendirme yöntemleri üzerine bir araştırma. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 10(35), 167-179.

Uzunoz, A., Aktepe, V. & Ozagachanli, Z. (2020). Metaphorical perceptions of social studies preservice teachers regarding the savings value. Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University Journal of ISS, 10(1), 36-51.

Yalcin, M. & Erginer, A. (2012). Metaphoric Perception of Principals in Primary Schools. Teacher Education and Instruction, 1(2), 229-256.

Yildirim, A. & Simsek, H. (2006). Qualitative research methods in the social sciences (6th Edition). Ankara: Seckin Publishing.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v9i3.4200


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammed Hüseyin Özer, Nilgün Dağ

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).