THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES IN THE EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH IN THE EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH - PURPOSES AND CIRCUMSTANCES OF A RESEARCH

Yousra Al-Sinani, Fatmh Al-Kaaf, Noor Al-Najjar

Abstract


Educational research literature seems to highlight the use of different research methods, but there appear to be three main research strategies widely used and discussed. These are experiments, surveys and case studies. This paper concentrates on the experimental approach, which could be deemed for this paper to be of the “quantitative tradition”. The three strategies differ, then in two respects: (1) in how many cases are studied and, (2) in how these are selected. Strategies may be used to investigate any particular research topic, their strengths and weaknesses will have varying significance, depending on the purposes and circumstances of the research. The overall picture that emerges is that the experimental approach is based on multiple and varied sources of evidence and it must attend to process as well as to the outcome, it is better when it is theory-driven and it leads ultimately to multiple analyses that attempt to consolidate the program effect within some reasonable range. One theme that underlies the other research strategies namely, the case study and survey method, and that illustrate the increasing awareness of the tentativeness and frailty of the experimental approach concerns the importance of human judgement in research. Evidence bearing a causal relationship emerges and it is not a trivial matter to integrate or resolve conflicts and constraints.

Keywords


educational research, experimental approach, quantitative tradition

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bassey, M. (1999). Case Study Research in Educational Setting. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Best, J. W. (1970). Research in Education: (2nd Ed). Englewood Cliff, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Beveridge, M. (1998). ‘Improving The Quality of Educational Research’, In: Ruddick, J. and McIntyre, D. Challenge for Educational Research London: Paul Chapman Publishers.

Broadfoot, P. (1988). ‘Educational Research’: Tow Cultures and Three Estates. British Educational Research Journal 19 (1) pp. 3-16.

Bryman, A. (1995). Quantity and Quality in Social Research. London: Routledge.

Campbell, D. T. and Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research on Teaching”. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Campbell, D. T. and Stanley, J. C. (1966). “Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Research. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Cohen, L. and Manion, L. (1994). Research Methods in Education. London: Routledge.

Cohen, L. and Moaion, L. (1996). Research Methods in Education. London: Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (1994). Research Design. London: Sage Publications, Inc.

Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage Publication, Inc.

Dyer, C. (1995). Beginning Research in Psychology. U.S. A.: Blackwell.

Griffiths, M. (1997). ‘Why Teachers and Philosophers Need Each Other: Philosophy and Educational Research; Cambridge Journal of education 27 (2) pp. 191-202.

Hammersley, M. and Comm, R. and Woods, P. (1994). Educational Research Methods. Walton Hall, Milton Keynes: The Open University.

Hammersley, M. (1992). (ED) Social Research: Philosophy, Politics and Practice. London: Sage.

Kenny, W. R. and Grotelscheum, A. D. (1984). Making the Case for Case Study: Journal of Curriculum Studies 16 (1).

Kidder, L. H. and Judd, C. M. (1986). Research Methods in Social Relations. (5nd ed). New York: Holt and Rinehart and Winston.

Lewis, D. G. (1968). Experimental Design in Education. London: University of London.

May, T. (1997). Social Research: Issues, Methods and Process, (2nd ED) Buckingham: Open University Press.

McIntyre, P. (1997). The Profession of Educational Research’. British Education Research Journal. 23 pp.127-140.

Miles, M. B. and Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook of New Methods. 2and Ed. Thousand Oaks, Ca: Sage Publications. Inc.

Silverman, D. (1998). ‘Qualitative/ Quantitative’ In: Jenks. C (ED) Core Sociological Dichotomies. London: Sage Publications.

Robson, C. (1993). Real World Research. Oxford: Blackwell.

Suchen, T. A. and Brewer, C. A. (2000). ‘Qualitative Methods for Research on Map Making and Fissional Geographer 52 (1) P 145-154.

Patton, M. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods (2and Ed). London: Sage.

Tuckman, B. W. and Jog, E. E. (1994). The Relative Effectiveness of Incentive Motivation and Prescribed Learning Strategy in Improving College Students. Journal of Experimental education, 64 (3) pp. 197-210.

Yin, R. (1994). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. (2and Ed). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publishing.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v9i2.4166

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Yousra Al-Sinani, Fatmh Al-Kaaf, Noor Al-Najjar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).