Mile Ilić, Ljiljana Jerković


The experimental method is more exact compared to other quantitative methods, although it can have drawbacks, related to the positivist epistemological position. Determining exactly the educational effects of existing, innovative and new pedagogical concepts, programmes, systems, models, methods and instruments commands the use of experiments in pedagogical research. If completed pedagogical research projects are analysed, the conclusion is experiments are used much less frequently than other methods.

            This study determines the prevalence of parallel-group designs as compared to how frequently other experimental designs are used. A representative sample of scientific and professional papers was analysed and it was ascertained that the conducted experiments partly satisfy relevant theoretical and methodological criteria. It is evident that result reliability when using the experimental method is still relatively low, which may have negative effects on the development of pedagogical sciences and related scientific disciplines, as well as on scientifically grounded innovation of the teaching and learning process and enhancement of the educational process. Hence, it is crucial to use multi-method research approaches (employing the experimental method as appropriate, depending on the research problem) in preparing (and approving) doctoral dissertations, writing reviews and publishing research papers.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



experiment, experimental design, parallel-group experimental design, pedagogical research, multi-method research approach


Банђур, В. и Поткоњак, Н. (1999). Методологија педагогије. Београд: Савез педагошких друштава Југославије.

Cohen, L., Manion, L. & Morrison, K. (2007). Metode u istraživanja u obrazovanjuc (prevod petog izdanja). Zagreb: Naklada Slap.

Fajgelj, S. (2014). Metode istraživanja ponašanja (V dopunjeno izdanje). Beograd: Centar za primenjenu psihologiju

Kocić, Lj. (1981). Pedagoški eksperiment – karakteristike i mogućnosti. Beograd: Institut za pedagoška istraživanja i Prosveta.

Kukić, S. (2015). Metodologija znanstvenog istraživanja. Sarajevo: Sarajevo publishing.

Мандић, П. (2004). Методологија научног рада. Бања Лука: Академија наука и умјетности Републике Српске.

McGowan, H. M. (2011). Planning a Comparative Experiment in Educational Settings. Journal of Statistics Education, Volume 19, Number 2.

Milas, G. (2009). Istraživačke metode u psihologiji i drugim društvenim znanostima. Zagreb: „Naklada Slap“.

Mužić, V. (1968). Metodologija pedagoškog istraživanja. Sarajevo: Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva.

Savićević, D. (1996). Metodologija istraživanja u vaspitanju i obrazovanju. Vranje: Univerzitet u Nišu Učiteljski fakultet u Vranju.

Šešić, B. (1974). Osnovi metodologije društvenih nauka. Beograd: Naučna knjiga.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Mile Ilić, Ljiljana Jerković

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).