EFFECTS OF SPORTS TRAINING ON SOCIAL AND ACADEMIC SKILLS IN AUTISTIC INDIVIDUALS

Özge Parlak, Mehmet Şahin, Faruk Salih Şeker

Abstract


Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is an important public health problem. It refers to a developmental disability and can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. According to the previous studies there is no precisely treatment for individuals with ASD. However, they can be improved and can be taught important skills such as expressing their feelings, overcoming their fears, developing their physical abilities and working and bonding with their peers by especially sport education. Sport education or training was implemented with 10 participants with ASD aged 5,5–29 years. One parent from each family who accompanied ten individuals with ASD during sporting events participated in this study. A standardized open-ended interview method was applied to the parents. Social Skill Interview Questions and Academic Skill Interview Questions were applied to the interviewees. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed. The purpose of the current study was to explore the effect of sports training on social and academic skills in individuals with ASD. Sport helped individual with ASD make progress in social skills such as communication, participation in the game, social relations, behavioral problems and waiting in line, body awareness and balance control, interests, following rules and instructions. On the other hand, it did not yield to the ability to transition from activity to activity and it did not contribute to a few individuals with ASD, while it contributed positively to many individuals with ASD, although some had rather slow success. In the academic skills of sports, perception studies supported skills such as preparation for first literacy, sound words and sentences, listening, relations between objects, and rhythmic counting. While it was recognized that sports contributed considerable improvement to some of the individuals in skills such as writing their own names, grammar, natural numbers, operations, and measures, unfortunately it did not help some of them in progress. It was observed that the majority of those who did not progress were younger. Sport training or education did not support to the ability to perform operations using division and calculator. Evidence suggests that sport education has ultimately a positive effect on the social and academic skills of individuals with ASD. 

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


autism, social skills, academic skills, sports education

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Psychiatric Association (1980). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd Edition). Washington DC: APA.

American Psychiatric Association (APA) (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th Ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Aydın, A. (2008). Otizmde İlk Adım. İstanbul: Epsilon Yayıncılık.

Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., Demirel, F. (2013). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri. 5. Baskı. Pegem Akademi.

Çamlıyer H. (1994). Eğitilebilir Zeka Düzeyindeki Çocuklarda Hareket Eğitiminin Algısal Gelişim Düzeylerine Etkileri, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation Thesis (Advisor: Prof. Dr. H. Özgönül). İzmir, 1994.

Durgut, E., Cahid Orengul, A., & Algun, Z. C. (2020). Comparison of the effects of treadmill and vibration training in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A randomized controlled trial. NeuroRehabilitation. (Preprint), 1-11.

Ekici, Ö. K. (2013). Otizm farkındalığı bilimsel, sosyal ve yasal yönleriyle. TÜBİTAK Bilim ve Teknik Dergisi, 30-40.

Er Ö. (2018). Otizmli Çocuklarda Hareket Eğitimi ve Eğitsel Oyun ile Yaşam Kalitesi İlişkin İncelenmesi.

Eripek, S. (1996). Zihinsel engelli çocukların tanımı. Anadolu Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 1996; 6 (2): 81-87.

Ferreira José Pedro et all (2019), Effects of Physical Exercise on the Stereotyped Behavior of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Medicina 2019, 55, 685; doi:10.3390/medicina55100685

Helfin, L. J., ve Alaimo, D. F. (2007). Students with autism spectrum disorders: Effective instructional practices. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

İnce, G. (2017). Otizm Spektrum Bozuklu Olan Çocuğa Sahip Ebeveynlerin Spor İle İlgili Görüşleri. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Özel Eğitim Dergisi.

Kabasakal, K., Çevik, O. (2013). Spor etkinliklerinin, engelli bireylerin Toplumsal Uyumuna ve sporla sosyalleşmelerine etkisinin incelenmesi. Uluslararası Sosyal ve Ekonomik Bilimler Dergisi.

Penny, N. (2005). İstiyorum ihtiyacım var çünkü farklıyım. Sistem Yayıncılık.

Ruştioğlu, O., Nuri, C., Pişkin Abdioğlu, V. (2018). Otizmli Çocuğu Olan Ailelerin Yaşadığı Sorunlar: Nitel Bir Araştırma. Yaşam Becerileri Psikoloji Dergisi.

Schreibman, L. (2005). The science and fiction of autism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Şansi, A. (2019). Bütünleşik Fiziksel Aktivite Programının Otizm Spektrum Bozukluğu Olan ve Olmayan Çocukların Motor Beceri, Sosyal Beceri ve Tutumları Üzerindeki Etkilerinin İncelenmesi. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation Thesis, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul Gedik Üniversitesi.

Sevimay, Ö. D. (2010). Engelliler için beden eğitimi ve spor (3. Baskı b.). İstanbul.

Şeker, F. S. (2019). Entelektüel Yetersizliği Olan Çocuklarda Hareket Eğitiminin Denge Becerilerine Etkisi, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation Thesis, Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Hüseyin Çamlıyer (Advisor), Manisa 2019.

Taner İ. (2020). Otizm Spektrum Bozukluğu Olan Bireylerde Spor Eğitiminin Öz Bakım, Sosyal ve Akademik Beceriler Etkisi.

Toth, K., Munson, J., Meltzoff, A. N., Dawson, G. (2006) Early predictors of communication development in young children with autism spectrum disorder: Joint attention, imitation, and toy play. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 993– 1005.

Uzunlular, Y. (2018). Yaygın gelişimsel bozukluk tanısı almış çocuklarda spor uğraşının iyileştirici etkisinin incelenmesi: Aydın Efeler Belediyesi Otizm spor Eğitim Merkezi Uygulaması.

Yalçın, Ş. (2017). Otizmli bireyin sosyalleşmesi için yeni yaşam modeli “umut evleri” Üsküdar Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimler Enstitüsü, Sosyal Hizmetler Anabilim Dalı, Unpublished Master's Degree Thesis, İstanbul

Yarımkaya, E., İlhan, E. L., Karasu, N. (2017). Akran Aracılı Uyarlanmış Fiziksel Aktivitelere Katılan Otizm Spektrum Bozukluğu Olan Bir Bireyin İletişim Becerilerindeki Değişimlerin İncelenmesi. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Özel Eğitim Dergisi.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v8i9.3867

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Özge Parlak, Mehmet Şahin, Faruk Salih Şeker

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).