THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL ATTITUDE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY RECREATIONAL BEHAVIORS IN PARTICIPATION IN PARK RECREATION ACTIVITIES / PARK REKREASYONU FAALİYETLERİNE KATILIMDA ÇEVRESEL TUTUM VE ÇEVRE DOSTU REKREASYON DAVRANIŞLARI ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİ

Harun Ayar, Tebessüm Ayyıldız Durhan, Suat Karaküçük

Abstract


The purpose of this article is to identify the relationship between individuals' environmentally friendly recreational behavior and environmental attitudes associated with park recreation activities, to determine the environmental behaviors of individuals during park recreation activities and to examine the effect of environmental attitude variables on environmentally friendly recreational behavior. The population of the research consists of individuals who use the city parks for recreational purposes within the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. In this research process, individuals who participated in recreational activities in Yaşam Vadisi Park located in Beylikdüzü district of Istanbul province were investigated. Simple random sampling method was used in the study. The quantitative research conducted in line with the purpose of the research was carried out with the survey technique by applying the relational screening model. Personal information form, environmentally friendly recreational behavior and environmental attitude scales were used in the evaluation of the users. During the statistical process, descriptive analyzes were applied primarily, followed by correlation and regression analysis in line with the hypotheses. In the light of the data obtained from the findings, it was determined that the environmental attitude and environmentally friendly recreational behavior of the participants were at a good level. It has been confirmed that there is a moderate positive relationship between environmental attitude and environmentally friendly recreational behavior. Environmental attitudes of the participants significantly affect the environmentally friendly recreational behavior.

Bireyleri park rekreasyonu faaliyetlerine yönelik çevre dostu rekreasyon davranışı ve çevresel tutumları arasındaki ilişkininin tespit edilmesi ve bireylerin park rekreasyonu faaliyetleri sırasında çevreci davranışları tespit edilerek, çevresel tutum değişkenlerinin çevre dostu rekreasyon davranışına etkisinin incelenmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Araştırmanın evrenini, İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi içerisinde yer alan kent parklarına rekreasyonel amaçlı katılan bireyler oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada basit tesadüfi örnekleme yöntemi kullanılarak, İstanbul ili Beylikdüzü ilçesinde yer alan Yaşam Vadisi parkında rekreasyonel faaliyetlere katılan bireyler oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmada kullanılacak örnekleme yöntemi ise basit tesadüfi örnekleme yöntemidir. Araştırmanın amacı doğrultusunda nicel araştırma, ilişkisel tarama modeli uygulanarak anket tekniği ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Katılımcılara kişisel bilgi formu, çevre dostu rekreasyon davranışı ve çevresel tutum ölçekleri uygulanmıştır. İstatistiksel süreçte öncelikle tanımlayıcı analizler ardından da hipotezler doğrultusunda korelasyon ve regresyon analizleri uygulanmıştır. Bulgulardan elde edilen verilere göre katılımcıların çevresel tutum ve çevre dostu rekreasyon davranışı iyi düzeyde olduğu görülmüştür. Çevresel tutum ile çevre dostu rekreasyon davranışı genelinde orta düzeyde pozitif yönde bir ilişkinin olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Katılımcıların çevresel tutumlarının çevre dostu rekreasyon davranışı üzerinde önemli bir etkiye sahiptir.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


leisure, recreation, environmental attitude, environmentally friendly recreational behavior / boş zaman, rekreasyon, çevresel tutum, çevre dostu rekreasyon davranışı

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albayrak, S. (2000). Scrutinization of Gülhane, Yildiz and Emirgan Parks as a Urban Parks, Published Master Thesis, Institute of Science and Technology, Istanbul Technical University, Institut e of Science. Istanbul. 1-3.

Akgül, B. M., Ayyıldız Durhan, T., Arı, Ç. and Karaküçük, S. (2018). Yeşil Öğrenci Projesi’nde yer alan ekorekreasyon faaliyetlerinin değerlendirilmesi. Erpa International Congress on Education, 49.

Akgül, B. M., Güneş, S. G., Güçer, E., Durhan, T. A. and Karaküçük, S. (2017). Boş Zaman ve Çevre: Ekoturizm–Ekorekreasyon, Karaküçük, S., Kaya, S. and Akgül, B.M. (Editors). Rekreasyon Bilimi 2. Ankara: Gazi Bookstore.

Ajzen, I. (1991). “The theory of planned behavior”. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.

Ajzen, I. and Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Ayyıldız Durhan, T., Akgül, B. M., and Karaküçük, S. (2018). Doğa Yürüyüşlerine Katılan Bireylerde Ekorekreasyonel Tutum. 16th International Sport Sciences Congress, Antalya, Turkey.

Ayyıldız Durhan, T. and Karaküçük, S., (2020). Ecorecreational Attitude of Participants ın Sportive Recreation Activities, European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 6(7).

Cottrell, S.P. (2003). Influence of Socıo-demographıcs And Environmental Attitudes on General Responsible Environmental Behavior Among Recreational Boaters. Environment and Behavior, 35(3), 347-375.

Çınar, İ. (2008). A Research on the Assessment of Urban Parks Quality in the Case of Fethiye-Turkey District Parks, Adnan Menderes University Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, 5(2), 33-38.

Demirel, M., Gürbüz, B. and Karaküçük, S. (2009). Effects of Recreational Activities Participation on Environmental Attitudes and Reliability and Validity of New Ecological Paradigm Scale. Spormetre, Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 7(2), 47-50.

Gül, A. and Küçük, V. (2001). Süleyman Demirel University Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Series: A, 2, ISSN: 1302-7085, 27-48.

Gürbüz, M. ve Aydın, A. H. (2012). Time Concept and Management. KSÜ Journal of Social Sciences, 9, (2).

Kale, İ. (1990). Physical and Social Transformation of Urban Green Space. Master Thesis, Middle East Technical University Institute of Science, Ankara.

Karaküçük, S. (2001). Rekreasyon Boş Zamanları Değerlendirme, 4st Edition, Ankara: Gazi Bookstore.

Karaküçük, S. and Akgül, B. M. (2016). Ekorekreasyon Rekreasyon ve Çevre, 1st Edition, Ankara: Gazi Bookstore.

Karasar, N. (2008) Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemi. Ankara: Nobel Publications.

Kement, Ü. (2015). The Research of The Customers’ Environmentally Friendly Recreation Behaviors İn Recreation Activities Towards Nature: Camping Sample, Ph.D. Thesis, Gazi University, Institute of Social Sciences, Ankara. 90-110.

Kement, Ü. and Güçer, E. (2015). The Effect of Environmental Attitude and Recreational Motivation on Camping Individuals’ Environmentally Friendly Recreation Behavıors. Journal of Recreation and Tourism Research, 2 (3), 16-27.

Kement, Ü. and Güçer, E. (2018). Consumers’ Environmentally Friendly Recreational Behaviours in Recreational Activities: Camping Sample. Journal of Business Research-Turk, 10 (4), 772-793.

Kil, N., Holland, S. M. and Stein, T. V. (2014). Structural Relationships Between Environmental Attitudes, Recreation Motivations, and Environmentally Responsible Behaviors. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 7, 16-25.

Köklü, N. Büyüköztürk, Ş. and Çokluk Ö. (2007). Sosyal Bilimler İçin İstatistik (2st Edition). Ankara: Pegem Publications.

Lee, T. H. (2009). A structural model to examine how destination image and interpretation service affect future visitation behavior: Example of Taiwan’s Tomai eco-village. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17(6), 727–745.

Lee, T. H. and Jan, F. H. (2015). The influence of recreation experience and environmental attitude on the environmentally responsible behavior of community-based tourists in Taiwan, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(7), 1063-1094.

Lorcu, F. (2015). Örneklerle Veri Analizi SPSS Uygulamalı, (1st Edition), Ankara: Detay Publications.

Milfont, T. L. (2009). The Effects of Social Desirability on Self-Reported Environmental Attitudes and Ecological Behaviour. The Environmentalist. 29,263–269.

Tarrant, M. and Green, G. (1999). Outdoor Recreation and The Predictive Validity of Environmental Attitudes. Leisure Sciences, 21(1), 17–30.

Thapa, B. (2010). The Mediation Effect of Outdoor Recreation Participation on Environmental Attitude-Behavior Correspondence. The Journal of Environmental Education, 41(3), 133–150.

Önal, S. and Sağır, M. (2018). Identification of the Use of Urban Parks in Ankara, Journal of Ankara Studies, 6(1), 77-90.

Öztan, Y. (1980). Ankara Şehri ve Çevresi Yeşil Saha Sisteminin Peyzaj Mimarisi Prensipleri Yönünden Etüd ve Tayini. A.Ü Faculty of Agriculture Publications, No:344/217, Ankara.

Panagopoulos, C. (2008). The Calculus of Voting in Compulsory Voting Systems, Political Behavioral (2008) 30: 455–467.

Peters, K., Elands, B. and Buijs, A. (2010). Social interactions in urban parks: stimulating social cohesion? Urban Forestry and Urban Greening. 9(2). 93-100.

Simonds, J. (1983). Landscape Architecture. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc.

Song, H. J., Lee, C. K., Kang, S. K. and Boo, S. J. (2012). The Effect of Environmentally Friendly Perceptions on Festival Visitors’ Decision-Making Process Using an Extended Model of Goal-Directed Behavior. Tourism Management, 33(6), 1417-1428

Thapa, B. (2010). The Mediation Effect of Outdoor Recreation Participation on Environmental Attitude-Behavior Correspondence. The Journal of Environmental Education, 41(3), 133–150.

Ural, A. and Kılıç, İ. (2018). Bilimsel Araştırma Süreci ve SPSS ile Veri Analizi, 5st Edition, Ankara: Detay Publications.

Yazıcıoğlu, Y. and Erdoğan, S. (2004). SPSS Uygulamalı Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri, 5st Edition, Ankara: Detay Publications.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v8i5.3714

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Harun Ayar, Tebessüm Ayyıldız Durhan, Suat Karaküçük

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).