Işıl Aktağ, M. Kadir Akbulut, Soner Tuzcuoğlu


The aim of this study is to determine the Social Appearance Anxiety (SAA) and Leisure Time Exercise (LTE) levels of high school students according to school type, gender, sports license and grade levels and to find the correlation between SAA and LTE. 2383 high school students participate the study from 3 different cities. Data were collected using SAAS developed by Hart et al. (2008) was translated into Turkish by Doğan (2010) and LTEQ developed by Godin and Sheppard (1985 and 1997) was translated into Turkish by Lapa et al. (2016). As a result of the analysis, a significant difference was found between high school male and female students in terms of LTE. The research has shown that the SAA and LTE levels of vocational high school students are higher than Science and Anatolian high school students. In addition, 12th grade high school students have the lowest LTE level and the highest SAA level compared to other grades.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


social appearance anxiety, leisure time exercise, high school students

Full Text:



Alemdağ S, and Öncü E, 2015. The investigation of participation physical activity and social appearance anxiety at the preserve teachers. International Journal of Science Culture and Sport. 287-299. Doi: 10. 14486/IJSCS291.

Aktağ I, and Çelebi M, 2018. The relationship between leisure time exercise and social appearance anxiety of students from school of physical education and sports. The Journal of International Educational Science. 14, 117-125.

Aslan ÜB, Livanelioğlu A, and Aslan Ş, 2007. Fiziksel aktivite düzeyinin üniversite öğrencilerinde iki farklı yöntemle değerlendirilmesi. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 18(1), 11-19.

Aşcı FH, 2002. The effects of step dance and physical self-perception of female and male university students. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 3(4), 431-442.

Bouchard C, Blair SN, Haskell WL, 2007. Physical activity and Health. 1st edition, Champaign, USA. Human Kinetics. 3-20.

Babenko O, Mosevich A, and Sloychuk J, 2020. Students’ perception of learning environment and their leisure time exercise in medical school: does sports back ground matter? Perspectives on Medical Education. Doi: 10,1007/s40037-020-00560-w.

Ballı ÖM, and Aşcı FH, 2006. Reliability and validity of social physique anxiety. Hacettepe Journal of Sport Science. 17(1), 11-19.

Çetinkaya B, Gülaçtı F, and Çiftçi Z, 2019. An investigating the social appearance anxiety levels of high school students in terms of various variables. International Journal of Society Research.10(17), 904-922.

Decamps G, Boujut E, and Brisset C, 2012. French college students’ sport practice and its relation stress, coping strategies and academic success. Front Psychol, 3: 104.

Diehl K, and Hilger J, 2016. Physical activity and the transition from school to university: A cross-sectional survey among university students in Germany. Science and Sports, 31, 223-226.

Doğan T, 2010. Adaptation of the social appearance anxiety scale to Turkish: A validity and reliability study. Hacettepe University Journal of Education. 39: 151-159.

Durhan TA, (2020). The effects of leisure literacy on leisure exercise in university students. International Journal of Educational Methodology. Vol: 6, Issue: 2, 381-391.

Ghadir FA, Maher AM, Farid AS, and El Rayah O, 2019. Addressing context to understand physical activity among Muslim university students: the role of gender, family and culture. BMC Public Health. Doi: 10,1186/s12889-019-7670-9.

Godin G, and Sheppard RJ, 1985. A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Science. 10(3), 141-146.

Hart TA, Flora DB, Polvo SA, Fresco D, and Hemberg RC, 2008. Development and examination of the social appearance anxiety scale. Assessment. 15: 48-59.

Hergüner G, and Turan S, 2017. Investigation of social appearance anxiety levels of high school students in terms of some variables. World Congress of Sport Sciences Researches, 23-26 November, Manisa, Turkey

Karaca AA, and Lapa TY, 2016. Examining of leisure time participation, psychological well-being and leisure negotiation of university students. Journal of Human Science, Vol: 13, Issue: 2, 3293-3304.

Kayhan M, and Ünveren A, 2017. Beden eğitimi spor yüksekokulu öğrencilerinin fiziksel aktivite düzeyleri ile yemek yeme bağımlılıklarının karşılaştırılması. International Balkan Conference in Sport Science, 21-23 May, Bursa Turkey.

Kılıç M, and Karakuş Ö, 2016. The study of the relationship between social appearance anxiety, self–esteem and loneliness level among university students. Journal of Human Sciences. 13(3), 3837-3851.

Kurşak M, and Hekim M, 2015. Investigation of physical activity levels by some variable in physical education and sports school students. 2nd. International Sport Science, Tourism and Recreation Student Congress. 28-30 May, Afyon, Turkey

Lapa TY, Certel Z, Kaplan K, and Yağar G, 2016. The validity and reliability study of leisure time exercise questionnaire for adolescent. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching. Special Edition

Leary MR, and Kowalski RM, 1995. Social Anxiety. New York, Guilford.

Leary MR, 1992. Self-presentation processes in exercise and sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 14: 339-351.

Polat EA, Güzel NA, and Kafa N, 2017. Adölesanlarda fiziksel aktivite düzeyi değerlendirilmesi. International Balkan Conference in Sport Science, 21-23 May, Bursa Turkey.

Radu L, Fagaraş S, and Vantu G, 2015. Physical activity index of female university students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 191, 1763-1766.

Şahin E, Barut Y, and Ersanlı E, 2013. Sociodemographic variables in relation to social appearance anxiety in adolescents. The International Journal of Social Sciences. 15(1), 56-62.

Shi Z, Lien N, and Kumar BN et all. 2006. Physical activity and associated socio-demographic factors among school adolescents in Jiangsu Province, China. Prev. Med. 43: 218-221.

World Health Organization, 2020. Global recommendations on physical activity for health.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Işıl Aktağ, M. Kadir Akbulut, Soner Tuzcuoğlu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).