Eric Len Kibinkiri, Bong Susan Bugnu


The life expectancy of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who attend the treatment center of the Bamenda Regional Hospital has been of interest to many educationists. Coping strategies can have a relationship with their lifestyle. The argument for the study anchored on the attribution theory (Bernard Weiner, 1990), Lazarus’ Cognitive Theory of Stress (1966), the human ecological theory (1979). A cross-sectional descriptive survey research design with a mixed approach was used with a sample of 165 PLWHA who attend the treatment center of the Bamenda Regional Hospital. Data obtained were analyzed descriptively and inferentially. Findings showed that there is a very significant and positive relationship between emotional approach coping and life expectancy of people living with HIV/AIDS (P<0.001). Similarly, findings on hypothesis two showed that there is a very significant and positive relationship between problem focus coping and life expectancy of people living with HIV/AIDS (P<0.001). Again, findings on hypothesis three showed that there is a very significant and positive relationship between engagement and disengagement coping and life expectancy of people living with HIV/AIDS (P<0.001). Lastly, findings on hypothesis four showed that that there is a very significant and positive relationship between meaning focus coping and life expectancy of people living with HIV/AIDS (P<0.001). The study concludes that coping strategies have positive effects on people living with HIV/AIDS. The findings recommend that, people living with HIV/AIDS should be encouraged to be resilient and agentic. This will help them to live well and increase life expectancy rate.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



coping strategies, life expectancy, HIV/AIDS, emotional approach coping, problem focus coping, engagement and disengagement coping and focus coping

Full Text:



Austenfeld, J. L. (2002). The adaptive potential of coping through emotional approach. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (p. 148–158). Oxford University Press.

Averill, J. R., Catlin, G., & Chon, K. K. (1990). Recent research in psychology. Rules of hope. Springer-Verlag Publishing.

Carpenter, P. A. (1992). A capacity theory of comprehension: Individual differences in working memory. Psychological Review, 99 (1), 122–149.

Compas, B., Jennifer, K. C., Heidi. S., Alexandria, H. T. (2001). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: problems, progress, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127(1): 87-127.

Ehiri, E. H., Anyanwu, C., Donath, E., Kanu, I., and Jolly, P. (2005). AIDS-related stigma in sub- Saharan Africa; its context and potential intervention strategies. AIDS and Public Policy Journal; 25-39.

Folkman, S. (1984). Personal Control and stress and coping processes: a theoretical analysis. J. PERS. Soc. Psychol. 46, 839-852.

Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2000). Positive affect and the other side of coping. American Psychologist, 55(6), 647–654.

Frattaroli, J. (2006). Experimental disclosure and its moderators: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 132 (6), 823–865.

Gore-Felton. C., Koopman. C., Spiegel. D., Vosvick, M., Brondino, M. and Winningham, A. (2006). Effects of quality of life and coping on depression among adults living with HIV/AIDS. J Health Psychol. 11 (5): 71129.

Gross, J. J. & John, O. P. (2013). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and wellbeing.

Kalichman, S. C. and Simbayi, L. C. (2005). Development of a brief scale to measure AIDS related stigma in South Africa. AIDS Behaviour, 9(2): 135 143.

Kalichman, S. C. & Simbayi, L. C. (2003) Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa. National Institute of Mental Health (NIM)

Kraaij, V. et al. (2008). Cognitive coping and depressive symptoms in definitive infertility: A prospective study, 29 (1:9-16).

Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York, USA: Springer.

Leung. L. and Lee, P. S. (2005). Multiple determinants of life quality: Them roles internet activities, use of new media, social support, and leisure activities. 1 (3):i61-180.

Pearlin, L. I. and Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping. Journal of health and social behavior, 19(1), 2-21.

Shisana, O. (2005). The health of our educators: A focus on HIV/AIDS in South African public schools. Cape Town: HSRC Press.

Sikkemma, J. K., Kochman, A., Difranceisco, W., Kelly, A. J., Hoffman, G. R. (2003). AIDS related grief and coping with loss among HIV-positive men and women. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 26(2), 165-81.

Simoni, J. M., and Ng, M. T. (2000). Trauma, coping, and depression among women with HIV/AIDS in New York City. 12(5): 567-80.

Smith, B. H. (2008). Conceptual and measurement issues in the study of coping with chronic stress. In Gottlieb (Ed.), Copping with chronic stress (pp3-43). New York. Plenum Press.

Taylor, L., & Parsons, J. (2011). Improving Student Engagement. Current Issues in Education, 14, 1-32.

Turner-Cobb et al., (2002). Coping, Social Support, and Attachment Style as Psychosocial Correlates of Adjustment in Men and Women with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 337–353.

UNAIDS (2003). Global Report on AIDS epidemic.

Vaux, A. (1988). Social support: Theory, research, and intervention. Praeger Publishers.

Weiner, B. (1980). Human Motivation. NY: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Eric Len Kibinkiri, Bong Susan Bugnu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).