PLANNING AND EVALUATION DURING EDUCATIONAL DISRUPTION: LESSONS LEARNED FROM COVID-19 PANDEMIC FOR TREATMENT OF EMERGENCIES IN EDUCATION

Thanassis Karalis

Abstract


The aim of this paper is to formulate a proposal for responding to emergencies in education, either at the level of the education system at a national or regional dimension (macro level) or at the level of an organization (meso level). The impetus of this proposal stemmed from the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in education systems and educational/training organizations worldwide, which has resulted in the disruption of educational function. It should be clarified in advance that this proposal does not concern crises of the education system itself, but situations where a major crisis at another level of public life creates a secondary crisis in education, an emergency in which education cannot fulfill its function.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


program planning, evaluation, non-formal education, crisis management, COVID-19 pandemic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barton, L. (1993). Crisis in organizations: Managing and Communicating in the Heat of the Chaos. Cincinnati: South-Western Publishing Company.

Boin, A., & Lagadec, P. (2000). Preparing for the Future: Critical Challenges in Crisis Management, Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 8(4), 185-191.

Boone, E.J., Safrit, R.D., & Jones, J. (2002). Developing Programs in Adult Education (2nd). Illinois: Waveland Press.

Brookfield, S.D. (1986). Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bundy, J., Pfarrer, M.D., Short, C.E., & Coombs, W.T. (2016). Crises and Crisis Management: Integration, Interpretation, and Research Development, Journal of Management, 43(6), 1661-1692.

Caffarella, R.S., & Daffron, S.R. (2013). Planning Programs of Adult Learners: A Practical Guide. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cervero, R.M., & Wilson, A.L. (2006). Working the Planning Table: Negotiating Democratically for Adult, Continuing and Workplace Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cervero, R.M., & Wilson, A.L. (1994). Planning Responsibly for Adult Education: A Guide to Negotiating Power and Interests. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cheese, J. (1986). Cascading the Training, Innovation in Education and Training International, 23(3), 248-252.

Fearn-Banks, K. (1996). Crisis communication: A Casebook Approach. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Funnel, S.C., & Rogers, P.J. (2011). Purposeful program theory: effective use of theories of change and logic models. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Glouberman, S., & Zimmerman, B. (2002). Complicated and Complex Systems: What Would Successful Reform of Medicare Look Like? Ottawa: Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, available: https://secure.patientscanada.ca/sites/default/files/Glouberman_E.pdf

Granville, King III (2007). Narcissism and Effective Crisis Management: A Review of Potential Problems and Pitfalls, Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 15(4), 183-193.

Granville, King III (2002). Crisis Management & Team Effectiveness: A Closer Examination, Journal of Business Ethics, 41, 235-249.

Hayes, D. (2000). Cascade training and teachers’ professional development, ELT Journal, 54(2), 135-145.

Hodges, C., Moore, S., Lockee, B., Trust, T., & Bond, A. (March, 27 2020). The Difference Between Emergency Remote Teaching and Online Learning. https://er.educause.edu/articles/2020/3/the-difference-between-emergency-remote-teaching-and-online-learning

Houle, C.O. (1996). The Design of Education (2nd). San Francesco: Jossey-Bass.

Huang, R.H., Liu, D.J., Tilli, A., Yang, J.F., Wang, H.H., et al. (2020). Handbook on Facilitating Flexible Learning During Education Disruption: The Chinese Experience in Maintaining Undisrupted Learning in COVID-19 Outbreak. Beijing: Smart Learning Institute of Beijing Normal University.

Karalis, T. (2016). Cascade approach to training: theoretical issues and practical applications in non-formal education, Journal of Education and Social Policy, 3(2), 104-108.

Karalis, T. (2015a). Programme Planning. Patras: Hellenic Open University.

Karalis, T. (2015b). Programme Evaluation. Patras: Hellenic Open University.

Kokkos, A., & Karalis, T. (2009). Educating the Adult Educators: Implementation and Evaluation of the first National Adult Educators Education Program in Greece. In G. K. Zarifis, & E. Panintsidou (eds.), Educating the Adult Educator: Quality Provision and Assessment in Europe. Thessaloniki: University of Macedonia, 79-86.

Mitroff, I.I., Shrivastava, P., & Udwadia, F.E. (1987). Effective Crisis Management, The Academy of Management EXECUTIVE, 1(3), 283-292.

Nadler, L., & Nadler, Z. (2003). Designing Training Programs (2nd). Houston: Gulf Publishing.

OECD (March, 23, 2020). Education responses to covid-19: Embracing digital learning and online collaboration. https://oecd.dam-broadcast.com/pm_7379_120_120544-8ksud7oaj2.pdf.

Owusu-Fordjour, C., Koomson, C. K., & Hanson, D. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 on Learning – The Perspective of the Ghanaian Student, European Journal of Education Studies, 7(3), 88-101.

Patton, M.Q. (2011). Developmental Evaluation: Applying Complexity Concepts to Enhance Innovation and Use. New York: Guilford Press.

Pauchant, T.C. and Mitroff, I.I. (1992). Transforming the Crisis-Prone Organization: Preventing Individual, Organizational, and Environmental Tragedies. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Reimers, F. M., & Schleicher, A. (2020). A framework to guide an education response to the COVID-19 Pandemic of 2020. OECD. Available: https://www.hm.ee/sites/default/files/framework_guide_v1_002_harward.pdf.

Rittel H.W.J., & Webber, M.M. (1973). Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning, Policy Sciences, 4, 155-169.

Sakkoulis, D.P., Asimaki, A., & Vergidis, D. (2018). In-service Training as a Factor in the Formation of the Teacher’s Individual Theory of Education, International Education Studies, 11(3), 48-60.

Sellnow, T.C., & Seeger, M.W. (2013). Theorizing Crisis Communication. West Sussex: Wiley-Blakcwell.

Stufflebeam, D.L., & Shinkfield, A.J. (2007). Evaluation Theory, Models, & Applications. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Tokakis, V, Polychroniou, P., & Boustras, G. (2018). Managing conflict in the public sector during crises: the impact on crisis management team effectiveness, International Journal of Emergency Management, 14(2), 152-166.

UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data (2020, April 19). COVID-19 Impact on Education.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.3047

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Thanassis Karalis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).