Noor Hanim Rahmat


Many assumed innovation has to do with technology and new inventions. That is far from the truth. Innovation can be as simple as finding new ways of doing things. Millennials learn differently from their older generation peers. The exposure of technology has caused  many millennials to have poor communications skills. They are also reported to have shorter attention span For millennials , learning needs to be fun and relaxing. Innovative ideas need to be identified from a list of recognizable facets of innovation. This paper reports a literature review of different facets of innovation in education. The objective of this paper is to explore how the environment influence innovation in learning. This paper also looks into the barriers and facilitating factors for innovation in education.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



innovation, education, millennials, barriers, facilitating factors

Full Text:



Bakkenes, I., Vermunt, J. D. & Wubbels, T. (2010). Teacher learning in the context of educational innovation: Learning activities and learning outcomes of experienced teachers. Learning and Instruction, No. 20, 533–548.

Carless, D. (2013). Innovation in Language Teaching and Learning. In book: The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. NY: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Retrieved from

Eraut, M. (2007). Learning from other people in the workplace. Oxford Review of Education, Vol. 33, No.4, 403–422.

Jewitt, C. Xambo, A, & Price, S. (2015). Exploring Methodological Innovation in the Social Sciences: Body in Digital Environments and the Arts. Internatioanl Journal of Social Science Research Methodology, Vol 20(1), pp 105-120. Retrieved from

Kendall, E. (2015). Don’t Sideline Social Science in Mad Dash for Innovation. Social Science Space. Retrieved from

Kovacs, H. (2017). Learning and Teaching in Innovation: why it is important for education in the 21st century. European Doctorate in Teacher Education (EDiTE). Retrieved from

Laskaris, J. (2015). How to Engage Millennials: Important Moves. eLearning. Retrieved from

Rahmat, N. H., Othman, N. A., Muhammad, A. M., Shirin, A. A., and Arepin, M. (2019). Assimilation and Accomodation: Exploring the Dynamics of Class Discussions. European Journal of Education Studies, Vol 6(1), pp 222-2-38. Retrieved from

Rahmat, N. H. (2018). Scaffolding Colour Codes and SAW Approach in ESL Academic Writing. European Journal of English Language Teaching. Vol 4(1), pp 22-34. Retrieved from

Rahmat, N. H., Syed Abdul Rahman, S. A., and Hassan, H. R. (2018). Exploring Reading Issues among Millennials and GenZ. European Journal of English Language Teaching. Vol 4(2), pp 112-125. Retrieved from

Rahmat, N. H. (2014). Constructivism in the ESL Writing Classroom: A Case for Collaborative Essay Writing. Creative Practices in Language Learning and Teaching (CPLT), Vol 2(1) Retrieved from

Rahmat, N. H. (2014). Using Movies in the Writing Classroom: A Case Study of Malaysian ESL Learners. (ed Kucukler,A. & Icen,H, 2014) Studies on the Teaching of Asian Languages in the 21st Century. UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Reichart, S. (2019). The Role of Universities in Regional Innovation Ecosystems. European University Association. Retrieved from

Singh,V. P. (2018). Innovative Teaching Methods of Social Science. Teachers of India. Retrieved from

Xenitidou, M., & Gilbert, N. (2009). Innovations in social science research methods.

National centre for research methods report. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Noor Hanim Rahmat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).