Ruth Nyakinyi Macharia, Juliet W. Mugo, Esther N. Waithaka


Music is a significant teaching strategy in early childhood education it improves development of young children’s self-confidence, self-esteem and their expression orally and mentally. Despite the fact that, use of music is a strategy that motivates and sustains children’s interest in the learning of mathematics, research studies in this area are scanty. The purpose of this study therefore was to find out influence of preschool teacher training on the use of music as a mode of teaching mathematics within Kasarani, Nairobi County. The study sought to determine the link between preschool teacher training and use of music in teaching mathematics. The descriptive survey research design was used to structure and guide the study. The study’s dependent variable was use of music as a medium of teaching mathematics while the independent variable was preschool teacher training in use of music in teaching mathematics. Random sampling was used to select 15 preschools out of the 30 targeted and purposive sampling used to select 15 head teachers out of 30 and 45 out of 90 preschool teachers. An observation guide and questionnaires were used to collect data for preschool teachers and head teachers. The study findings established a significant association between teacher training and use of music during mathematic instructions. The study concluded that preschool teachers in Kasarani Sub-County were using music to teach mathematics and that trained teachers used music to teach mathematics than their untrained counterparts. The study recommended the Kenya institute of curriculum development should come up with modules on step by step guidelines on how to teachers should integrate music during maths lessons.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



teacher; music; mathematics; instructions; training; preschool

Full Text:



Aila, H. P. (2005). Factors influencing the use of visual aids in preschools in Asego Division Homabay district. Unpublished Med Thesis. Kenyatta University, Nairobi.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., & Razavieh, A. (2002) Introduction to research in education (6th ed.) Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed approaches (3rd ed.) London: Sage Publication.

Lee, Y. (2008). Current music practices and teachers‟ needs for teaching music in public preschools of South Korea. (PhD. Thesis), University of Missouri.

Mugo, W. J. (2009). Effects of an inservice workshop for teachers on frequency of preschool children’s Accidents ( Research Thesis.) Kenyatta University.

Muijs, D. (2004). Doing Qualitative Research with SPSS. London: SAGE Publication

Muyoka, V. W. (2012). An assessment of factors influencing the implementation of early childhood development and education policy in Bungoma County, Kenya. Unpublished thesis, Moi University. Retrieved from;

Mwololo, J. N, Koech, G. B, Begi, N & Mutweleli, S. M. (2011). Preschool teachers knowledge and attitudes towards use of visual media in instructional delivery in Kibwezi district Kenya. Journal of research in education and society. Kenyatta University.

NACECE (2002). Early childhood education. Nairobi: East African educational publishers.

Ng’asike, J. T. (2004). Teacher’s use of play as medium of bridging pre-school children’s mathematical experiences: A study of Kasarani division, Nairobi, Kenya.(Un Published M.Ed. Thesis), Kenyatta University.

Nyageri, E. J. (2014). Determinants of preschool teachers’ use of music as a medium of instruction in Kitale municipality, Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya. Unpublished Med Thesis Kenyatta University.

Oduolowu, E. (2012). The effects of training on pre-school teachers practices in Oyo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Learning & Department, (2164 – 4063) 2012, 2-5

Office of Technology Assessment (1995).Teachers and technology: making the connection. Washington, D.C: Department of Education.

Rotumoi, J. (2012). Factors influencing the choice of approaches used by preschool teachers in Baringo county, Kenya. (Unpublished med thesis). Moi University, Kenya.

Waigera, J. (2013). Preschool teachers’ use of culturally relevant instructional materials in teaching in Kieni West district, Nyeri County. Unpublished thesis, Kenyatta University.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Ruth Nyakinyi Macharia, Juliet W. Mugo, Esther N. Waithaka

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).