THE INVESTIGATION OF EFFECT OF GROUP PSYCHOLOGICAL COUNSELING APPLICATION ON THE ADOLESCENTS’ DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY SYMPTOMS

Aslı Kartol

Abstract


In this study, the effect of group psychological counseling application prepared on the basis of rational emotional behavioral therapy on the depression and anxiety symptoms in adolescents was investigated. this study, pretest-posttest control group experimental design was used. In this study, there are two experimental and two control groups. Pre-test, post-test and follow-up tests were applied to these groups. The study group of this investigation consists of 33 students studying on the 6th and 7th grades in a secondary school located in the Yakutiye district of Erzurum province in the academic year of 2017-2018. Firstly, the school was determined with purposeful sampling method. Then, "Depression and Anxiety Scale for Children" were applied to 260 students in the stated school. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 60 students who had high levels of depression and anxiety and volunteered to for working. Forty students were selected by random sampling method for the planned study. Later, the experimental and control groups were assigned by random assignment, consisting of 10 individuals for each group. After the groups were identified, group psychological counseling programme consisting of 8 sessions was applied to experimental group. The aim of this program is to reduce the levels of depression and anxiety. Sessions applied to experimental groups were planned and implemented in a way to last for 90 to 120 minutes. For the control groups, guidance activities were applied by being independent from problem issues. The data obtained from the study was analyzed by two-factor variance analysis (ANOVA) method. As a result of the research, the depression and anxiety scores of the students in the experimental group were significantly decreased after the group psychological counseling program which was applied. It can be said that the group psychological counseling based on rational emotional behavior therapy which was applied is an effective program to reduce the symptoms of depression and anxiety.

 

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depression, anxiety, rational emotional behavioral therapy, anxiety disorder

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.2690

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