Onur Oral, Nazan Kavas, Arzu Çaliskaner, Seda Deniz


Obesity is a worldwide epidemic. The main cause of obesity is generally explained as energy intake being more than energy consumption. In the past 40 years, a severe increase in the childhood obesity rates is observed. Sedentary life style is considered as one of the major influences of obesity. While sedentary habits become more common, the tendencies towards physical activity decrease significantly. Physical activity is a definite must for children. It must be emphasized and encouraged. The aim of the study is to measure the physical characteristics of individuals aged 10-12 ages and to investigate the relationship between childhood obesity, its causes and consequences.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



body mass index, sit-up test, flexibility, overweight

Full Text:



Allcock D.M., Gardner M.J., and Sowers J.R., 2009. Relation between Childhood Obesity and Adult Cardiovascular Risk. doi: 10.1155/2009/108187

Anderson P.M., Butcher K.E., 2006. Childhood obesity: Trends and potential causes. Future Child. 16:19–45. [PubMed: 16532657]

Bhave S., Bavdekar A., Otiv M., 2004. IAP National Task Force for Childhood, Prevention of Adult Diseases: Childhood Obesity. IAP National Task Force for Childhood Prevention of Adult Diseases: Childhood Obesity. Indian Pediatr. ;41:559– 75. [PubMed: 15235162]

Chhatwal J., Verma M., Riar S.K., 2004. Obesity among pre-adolescent and adolescents of a developing country (India) Asia Pac J ClinNutr. 13:231–5. [PubMed: 15331333]

Covic T., Roufeil L., Dziurawiec S., 2007. Community beliefs about childhood obesity: its causes, consequences and potential solutions, Journal of Public Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 123–131, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdm023

Davison K.K., Birch L.L., 2001. Childhood overweight: A contextual model and recommendations for future research. Obes Rev. 2:159–71. [PMCID: PMC2530932] [PubMed: 12120101]

Ebbelling C.B., Sinclair K.B., Pereira M.A., Garcia-Lago E., Feldman H.A., Ludwig D.S., 2004. Compensation for energy intake from fast food among overweight and lean adolescents. JAMA. 291:2828–33. [PubMed: 15199032]

Flegal K.M., Wei R., Ogden C., 2002. Weight-for-stature compared with body mass index- for-age growth charts for the United States from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Am J ClinNutr. 75:761–6. [PubMed: 11916765]

Francis L.A., Susman E.J., 2009. Self-regulation and rapid weight gain in children from age 3 to 12 years. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 163(4):297–302.

Ghosh A., 2014. Explaining overweight and obesity in children and adolescents of Asian Indian origin: The Calcutta childhood obesity study. Indian J Public Health. 58:125–8. [PubMed: 24820988]

Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. World Health Organization (WHO), 2011.

Himes J.H., Dietz W.H., 1994. Guidelines for overweight in adolescent preventive services - Recommendations from an Expert Committee. The Expert Committee on Clinical Guidelines for Overweight in Adolescent Preventive Services. Am J ClinNutr. 59:307–16. [PubMed: 8310979]

Imamoglu O., 2014. Acute effect of aerobic and anaerobic exercise on lipid levels, HealthMED - Volume 8 / Number 1 /, pp.112-118

Imamoglu O., Akyol P., Bayram L., 2002. The Effects of a Three Months Exercise on Physical Fitness, Body Composition and Some Blood Parameters In Sedanter Midlle Aged Women, 7 st. International Congress of Sports Science, 27-29 October, pp.19.

Kapil U., Bhadoria A.S., 2014. Television viewing and overweight and obesity amongst children. [Last accessed on 2014 Jul 11];Biomed J. 37:337–8. Available from: http://biomedj.org/preprintarticle.asp?id = 125654 . [PubMed: 25163497]

Khadilkar V.V., Khadilkar A.V., 2004. Prevalence of obesity in affluent school boys in Pune. Indian Pediatr. 41:857–8. [PubMed: 15347879]

Koca F., 2017. The Effect of 12 Weeks Aerobıc Exercıse on Blood Pressure, Heart Rates and Blood Parameters In Sedentary Females. DOI: 10.7813/2075-4124.2017/9- 1/A.1

Laxmaiah A., Nagalla B., Vijayaraghavan K., Nair M., 2007. Factors affecting prevalence of overweight among 12 to 17 year old urban adolescents in Hyderabad, India. Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1384–90. [PubMed: 17557974]

McDevitt T.E., Ormrod J.E., 2010. Child development and education

Niehoff V., 2009. Childhood obesity: A call to action. Bariatric Nursing and Surgical Patient. Care. 4:17–23.

NSW Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS) 2006

Panjikkaran S.T., Kumari K., 2009. Augmenting BMI and Waist-Height Ratio for establishing more efficient obesity percentiles among school children. Indian J Community Med. 34:135–9. [PMCID: PMC2731976] [PubMed: 19714259]

Popkin B.M., Doak C.M., 1998. The obesity epidemic is a worldwide phenomenon. NutrRev. ;56:106–14. [PubMed: 9584495]

Raj M., Sundaram K.R., Paul M., Deepa A.S., Kumar R.K., 2007. Obesity in Indian children: Time trends and relationship with hypertension. Natl Med J India 20:288–93. [PubMed: 18335794]

Rössner S., 1998. Childhood obesity and adulthood consequences. ActaPædiatr 87: 1–5.

Sahoo K., Sahoo B., Choudhury A.K., Sofi N.Y., Kumar R., Bhadoria A.S., 2015. Childhood obesity: causes and consequences. J Family Med Prim Care. 4(2): 187– 192. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.154628: 10.4103/2249-4863.154628

Serdula M.K., Ivery D., Coates R.J., Freedman D.S., Williamson D.F., Byers T., 1993. Do obese children become obese adults? A review of the literature. Prev Med 22: 167–77

Shilton, Howat, James, Lower, 2001. Health promotion development, and health promotion workforce competency in Australia: An historical overview.

Subramanyam V., R.,J., Rafi M., 2003. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in affluent adolescent girls in Chennai in 1981 and 1998. Indian Pediatr. 40:332–6. [PubMed: 12736406]

US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). Physical activity guidelines for Americans, 2008.

Whitaker R.C., Wright J.A., Pepe M.S., Seidel K.D., Dietz W.H., 1997. Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. The New England Journal of Medicine. 337(13):869–873.

Williams D.P., Going S.B., Lohman T.G., Harsha D.W., Srinivasan S.R., Webber L.S., et al., 1992. Body fatness and risk for elevated blood-pressure, total cholesterol, and serum-lipoprotein ratios in children and adolescents. Am J Public Health. 82:527. [PMCID: PMC1694353][PubMed: 1536350]

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejes.v0i0.2305


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Onur Oral, Nazan Kavas, Arzu Çaliskaner, Seda Deniz

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2023. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).