Summani Ekici


This study was carried out in order to determine the submissive behavior and self-confidence levels of individuals who practice mountaineering sports. While the population of the study was individuals participated Erzurum Winter Development Camp in 2015, the sample of the study was consisted of 212 participants (n=169 male, 43 female) selected by random sampling. A 3-part questionnaire was used to collect data in the study. In the first part of the questionnaire, there is a 16-item “Submissive Behavior Scale” (SBS) to determine the submissive behavior levels of the participants. In this part of the questionnaire, “Self-confidence Scale" of which validity and reliability study was performed by Akın (2007).The last part was allocated for 7-item 'Demographic Information Form' developed by the researcher to learn the demographic information of the participants. The data were analyzed with SPSS packet program. Besides the descriptive statistics, T-test and ANOVA were utilized and Tukey test was used to specify the groups from which significant differences were derived and Pearson correlation test was used in order to examine the relationship between variables. Findings have shown that mountaineers, living in rural areas, have lower self-confidence than the urban and metropolitan residents. Additionally, the confidence of the athletes in the alpinist was higher than in other branches. Besides, it was found out that there existed negative relationship between submissive behavior and self-confidence.


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mountaineering, submissive behavior, self-confidence, sport


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