Munyaradzi Phiri, Ephraim. P. Maruta, Evans Chazireni


A lot of debate has been made on the concept of poverty and what causes it. This paper seeks to undertake a critical analysis of the acute causes of poverty in Zimbabwe. A secondary research approach took a central stage in data acquisition, as the researchers focused on reviewing secondary data especially from published sources on the causes of Zimbabwean poverty especially in the 21st century. The study at hand becomes highly pertinent to Zimbabwe that has faced various episodes and phases of poverty ever since its 1980 political independence. The results of the study showed that the acute causes of poverty in Zimbabwe include corruption, high unemployment rates, underperforming banking system, lack of foreign investment, underperforming industries and poor infrastructure. Numerous recommendations were made for the reduction of poverty in Zimbabwe. It is hoped that if these recommendations are taken into account, there is going to be improvement of socio-economic development in the country and consequent reduction in levels of poverty in Zimbabwe.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


acute, poverty, new dispensation

Full Text:



Abotutu, A. A. (2014). Urbanization and poverty in the Third World: Measurement, patterns and policies in Warri Metropolis, Nigeria. African Review of Science and Technology, 3(1): 220-246

Biti, T. (2013). Minister of Finance: The 2013 National Budget Statement, Government of


Bracking, L. S. (2009). Political economies of corruption beyond liberalism: An interpretative view of Zimbabwe, The University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management, School of Environment and Development.

Chazireni, E. (2016). The spatial Dimension of unemployment in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Research in Science and Engineering Technology. 1. (1): 11-17.

Chingarande, A., Karombakuwa, R. T., Denhere, W., Tafirei, F., Zivanai, O., Muchingami, L. & Mudavanhu, V. (2012). The impact of interest rates on foreign direct investment: A case study of the Zimbabwe economy. International Journal of Management Sciences and Business Research, 1(5), 2226-8235.

Cooper, D. R. & Schindler, P. S. (2016) Business Research Methods, (9th Ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cui, Z. J, & Ge, J. P. (2013). Resource-based economic growth on poverty reduction role-in rural areas of Shanxi. Journal of Applied Sciences, 13 (21): 4585-4589

Eren, M., Celik A. K. & Kubat, A. (2014). Determinants of the levels of development based on the Human Development Index: A comparison of regression models for limited dependent variables. Review of European Studies, 6 (1): 10-22.

Foulkes D. M. (2008). Human development trap in Mexico, World Development Journal, 36(3): 775-796.

Gatsheni, S. N. (2011). The construction and decline of Chimurenga monologue in Zimbabwe: A study in resilience of ideology and limits of alternatives, Pretoria, University of South Africa; Department of Development Studies

Hanjra, M. A., Ferede, T. & Gutta D. G. (2009). Reducing poverty in sub-Saharan Africa through investment in water and other priorities (Review). Agriculture Water Management, 96: 1062-1070

Kothari, C., R. (2013). Research methodology: Methods and Techniques. (New edition), New Delhi: Willey Eastern.

Manda, S. (2014). Capital flows and current account dynamics in Zimbabwe. Journal of Economics and International Business Management, Vol. 2 (4): 82-99.

Mears, R. R. & Blaauw, P. F (2010). Levels of poverty and the poverty gap in rural Limpopo. Acta Commercial, 10 (1): 89-106

Mtapuri, O. & Mazengwa, P. J. (2013). Spirituality and poverty: A Zimbabwean cultural perspective. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 13 (1): 1-1

Mazango, E. (2013). Internal migration and urban development. Journal of Regional development in Africa, 11 (1), 221-234.

Prince H. (2014). Macro-level drivers of multi-dimensional poverty in sub-Saharan Africa: Explaining change in the Human Poverty Index, African Evaluation Journal, 2 (1): 1

Shana, G. (2006). The State of Corruption in Zimbabwe', in Mass Public Opinion, Crown Plaza Hotel, Harare; Institute Seminar.

Szeftel, M. (1998). Misunderstanding African Politics: Corruption and the Governance Agenda, Review of African Political Economy, 76, 221- 240.

UNCTAD (2014). World Investment Report 2014: Investing in the SDGs: An Action Plan, United Nations, New York and Geneva.

United Nations (2017). The Millennium Development Goals 2014 Report. New York: United Nations, United Nations Zimbabwe, 2014.

UNDP (2003). Human development report 2003. New York. Oxford University Press.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2013). Human Development Report 1997. New York: United Nations.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2017). Human Development Report 2017. Over-coming Barriers: Human Mobility and Development. New York: United Nations.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2018). Human Development Report 2018, Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience. New York: United Nations.

Zimbabwe National Statistical Agency (ZIMSTAT) (2013). Poverty and Poverty Datum Analysis in Zimbabwe, Harare: ZIMSTAT.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v5i5.901

Copyright (c) 2020 Munyaradzi Phiri, Ephraim. P. Maruta, Evans Chazireni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter