SUGARCANE PRODUCTION AMONG A2 FARMERS IN THE HIPPO VALLEY ESTATES AND THE QUEST FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ZIMBABWE

Aaron Dasva, Jemitias Mapira, Nyashadzashe Ngaza

Abstract


Sugarcane production requires equipment, significant amounts of agro-chemicals including fertilisers, pesticides, herbicides irrigation and heavy machinery that can lead to environmental degradation (Soil Science Society of America, 1997). The expansion of plantation sugarcane farming among A2 farmers in the Hippo Valley estates without proper institutional mechanisms presents a myriad of problems ecologically, socially and economically. Being a semi-arid area, any extensive extractive ventures would exacerbate competition for already scarce land and water resources. Most of the small scale and some of the commercial farmers are not adequately equipped with sustainable ways of sugarcane farming hence, threatening the country’s sugar industry’s competitiveness in relation to other world class producers and industries. Expansion of sugarcane plantations means that natural resources such as forests, grassland and shrubs, most of which double up as pastureland risk being encroached into. That none of these natural resources is under legal protection increases the risk of them being mismanaged contributing further to environmental degradation through soil erosion, loss of species, exhaustion of nutrients and interfering with other ecosystem services. Researches which have been conducted show that the principle of sustainable agriculture is broadly accepted but the systematic consideration in practical farm management is still very limited in most tropical sugarcane plantations. This study seeks to bring light on the sustainable ways of sugarcane production among A2 farmers in the Hippo Valley estates and to assess the knowledge of farmers on sustainable sugarcane farming and challenges faced by farmers in trying to implement sustainable sugarcane production. The study was conducted between January and May, 2018 and it shows the challenges confronting Hippo Valley Estates in its quest for sustainable development.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


A2 Farmers, challenges, sustainable development, Hippo Valley, Zimbabwe

Full Text:

PDF

References


Breakwell, W and Clowes, M.1988, Zimbabwe Sugar Cane Production Manual, ZSA Experiment Station, Harare

Campbell, R. G., Willis, J. R.and May, J. T. 1973. Soil Disturbance by logging with rubber-tired skidders, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 28:218-220

Clemmens, A.J. 1971. Accuracy of irrigation efficacy estimates, Journal of Irrigation Drainage Engineering 123 (6):443-453

Cooper, J. and Dobson, H.2007.The Benefits of Pesticides to Mankind and the Environment, Crop Protection, 26:1337-1348

Hussein, J.1998. Management and Irrigation of Vertisols derived from basalts in Zimbabwe. In M. St. J. Clowes (ed) Fourth Zimbabwe Sugar Seminar (20 August)

Johnston, A. E.1986. Soil organic matter Effects on Soils and Crops, Soil Use Management 2:97-105

KSB. 2008. Kenya Sugar Industry Strategic Plan, 2010-2014, http:www.kenyasugar.co.ke

Manzungu, E. and Pieter van der Zaag, 1996. The Practice of Small Holder Irrigation, University of Zimbabwe, Harare

Marris, E., 2011. Rambunctious Garden: Saving nature in a post-wild world, Bloomsbury Publishing, New York

Matodi, P. 2012. Zimbabwe’s Fast Track Land Reform, Zed Press, London

Ndlovu, L. S. 2000. The Performance of subsurface drip irrigation at Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation during its first season, Proc. S. AfrSug Technol Ass 74: 157-160

Nyati, C.T.1998.Agronomy in Zimbabwe Sugar Association Experiment Station Research Report for the years 1996, 1997 and 1998.Zimbabwe Sugar Association Experiment Station, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe Research, 3:7-13

Singh, K.K., Patra, M.L. and Sharma, H. C.2000. Environmental Protection and Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and People 6(9):5-9

Soil Science Society of America, 1997, New York

Sukume, C. 2010. Zimbabwe’s Land Reform: Myths and Realities, James Curry, Oxford




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v0i0.427

Copyright (c) 2018 Aaron Dasva, Jemitias Mapira, Nyashadzashe Ngaza

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter