Salah Abdirahman Farah, Hussein Abdi Ali


Unemployment is a major problem in Kenya. It has made many young university graduates demoralized. Unemployment rate has risen so high that in every 10 young people, close to 4 are jobless with requisite qualifications. Successive governments have done little to arrest the situation. This research was done to understand the causes of unemployment in Kenya and the solutions that can be put in place to mitigate the problem. The effects of unemployment and the relationship between creation of opportunities and the growth of economy. The research found out that unemployment in Kenya is very high. This shows lack of confidence they have the system in place. The main effects of unemployment are crime, corruption, nepotism and favourism, high dependency and drug abuse. Being a job creator rather than a job seeker is the major solution of unemployment in Kenya. The research also found out that aligning the education curriculum in line with the demand of the market is paramount and should be hastened. In conclusion, unemployment has caused a lot of problems in Kenya. The research recommended a raft of measures to reduce the issue of unemployment in the country. Encourage the youth to be job creators and not job seekers only. Universities should play an important role in this case. Universities should develop courses that are relevant and demand driven. Duplication of courses with fewer demands should be minimized as this will flood graduates with similar courses that are not needed at all. Technical education should be enhanced and proper mechanisms put in place to sponsor and encourage students to take up these courses. Strict regulations should be enacted to fight corruption, nepotism and favourism. Kenya needs a practical and proactive solution for this monster.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



unemployment, job creator, corruption, high dependency, course duplication

Full Text:



Barasa, Fred Simiyu, and Eleanor SM Kaabwe. "Fallacies in policy and strategies of skills training for the informal sector: evidence from the Jua Kali sector in Kenya." Journal of education and work 14.3 (2001): 329-353.

Kinyanjui, Mary Njeri. Women and the informal economy in urban Africa: From the margins to the centre. Zed Books Ltd., 2014.

Bertola, G, Boeri, T and Cazes, S (2000). “Employment Protection in Industrialised Countries: The Case for New Indicators”, International Labour Review, Vol. 139, No.1, pp. 57-72.

Card, D (1992a). “Using Regional Variation in Wages to Measure the Effect of the

Federal Minimum Wage”, Industrial and Labour Relations Review, Vol. 46, pp 22-37.

Khan, A (2001). “Employment Policies for Poverty Reduction”, Recovery and Reconstruction Department, Geneva

Republic of Kenya (1999). National Poverty Eradication Plan. Government Printer: Nairobi.

World Bank (2008). Kenya: Accelerating and Sustaining Inclusive Growth. Washington DC: World Bank. Accessed: http://s3.marsgroupkenya.org/media/documents/2011/02/13feaeaf037e1ce


Government of Kenya (2008). Sessional Paper No. 7 of 2005 on Employment Policy and Strategy for Kenya. Nairobi: Government Printer.

Government of Kenya (1965). Sessional Paper No. 1 on African Socialism and its Application to Planning in Kenya. Nairobi: Government Printer.

International Labour Organization (ILO) (1972). Employment, Incomes and Equality. A Strategy for Increasing Productive Employment in Kenya. Geneva: ILO.

Accessed: http://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/1972/72B09_608_engl.pdf

Johanson, Richard and Arvil V. Adams (2004). Skills Development in Sub‐Saharan Africa. Regional and Sectoral Studies, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Accessed: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EDUCATION/Resources/278200-


Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) (2008). Labour Force Analytical Report – Based on the Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey (2005/2006). Nairobi: Government Printer.

Ryan, T.C.I. (2002). Policy Timeline and Time Series Data for Kenya: An Analytical Data Compendium. Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) Special Report No. 3. Nairobi: KIPPRA.

Accessed: http://www.worldcat.org/title/policy-timeline-and-time-series-data-for-kenya-an-analytical-data-compendium/oclc/123376839

Zepeda, E. and D. Alarcon (2012, forthcoming). “Cash Transfers and Poverty Reduction Employment Guarantee Schemes and Conditional Cash Transfers”, in Ashok Pankag (ed.) Cash Transfers and Public Works., New Delhi.

Zepeda, E., L. Ndirangu, F. Leigh, and J. Omollo (2012, forthcoming). Kenya’s Youth Unemployment: the transition from child to adult in a rapidly changing country. Semboja, H.H.H. (2005). ”A Concept Paper on Promoting Opportunities for Youth Employment in East Africa”. Paper prepared for the ILO regional office and presented at the EAC Meeting of Labour Commissioners, Nairobi, Kenya, December

Omolo, O.J. (2011). “Labour and Employment Inequalities in the Context of the East African Regional Integration Process” in Society for International Development, East African Integration: Dynamics of Equity in Trade, Education, Media and Labour, Nairobi: Ascent Limited.

Omolo, O.J. (2010). ”The Dynamics and Trends of Employment in Kenya”, IEA Research Paper Series, No. 1/2010, Nairobi: Institute of Economic Affairs.

Omolo, O.J. (2002). “An Overview of Incomes and Wage Policy in Kenya: Effectiveness and Constraints to Productivity Enhancement”. A paper presented during a Productivity Policy and Legal Framework Workshop, Mombasa.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v0i0.400

Copyright (c) 2018 Salah Abdirahman Farah, Hussein Abdi Ali

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2016 - 2023. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter