Nyashadzashe Ngaza, Jemitias Mapira, Memory Mandiudza


The industrial revolution which started in Europe during the 19th century has brought about major changes to human life. While humankind has realised major changes in terms of diet, nutrition, health and mobility, the resultant problems of waste disposal have worsened considerably owing to the emergence of products that are non- biodegradable. A good example is that of plastic waste whose proliferation has reached unprecedented levels during the last decades. Today plastic waste is posing a threat to livestock, fish and other aquatic creatures. Most urban centres in developing countries are littered with large volumes of plastic waste. Due to its non-biodegradable nature, it is posing a major problem to the natural environment. In some cases, livestock which consume the waste end up developing health problems which often lead to their death. On the other hand, the disposal of plastic waste into water bodies such as dams, lakes and seas have a negative impact on aquatic life. This paper examines the recycling of plastic waste in Masvingo by members of the informal sector in the city. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) headquarters in Nairobi recently banned plastic waste in coastal areas due to their threat to aquatic life. It is noted that such efforts are geared towards the eradication of this waste thereby achieving sustainable development (SD). This study was conducted between January and May, 2018. It recommends the establishment of formal strategies of recycling waste which would create more jobs for unemployed citizens.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



plastic waste, recycling, employment, sustainable development, Masvingo

Full Text:



Agnieszka Ćwik. 2014, Fuel from Waste - Catalytic degradation of plastic waste to liquid fuels. Techico Lisboa and the Looming Waste Crisis.

Atul Singh, Vaibhav Gupta 2017 Experimental Study on Plastic Waste Material in Concrete and their applications. International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science, Technology & Engineering.

Balamurugan, U. V. Goutham 2017 Effective Utilization of PET Bottles in Self-Compacting Concrete International Conference on Emerging trends in Engineering, Science and Sustainable Technology.

Bgwoni, T. T. 2015 ‘The Role of Community Based Organizations in Solid Waste Management. A Case of Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe’, Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, Midlands State University, Gweru

Hansen, Erik et al. 2013 Hazardous substances in plastic

European Bioplastics 2015 Mechanical Recycling.

Girish, Luthra CMDC. Business Models for conversion of waste plastic to fuel. GEPIL Group of Companies., Ilda T. Hershey, MS and Nicole L Wolf. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Mapira, J. 2011 Challenges of Solid Waste Disposal and Management in the City of Masvingo, Zimbabwe, Journal of Social Development in Africa Vol 26 No 2: 67-91

Michael Belliveau, Stephen Lester 2014 The Poison Plastic, Health Hazards

Miller, G. T. 1994. Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections and Solutions, Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont

Mohamed M. Garib Alla, Ahmed Ahmed, Babiker K. Abdalla 2014 Conversion of Plastic Waste to Liquid Fuel. International Journal of Technical Research and Applications.

Moinuddin Sarker, Mohammad Mamunor Rashid 2012 First Simple and Easy Process of Thermal Degrading Municipal Waste Plastics into Fuel Resource. IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN)

Oumaya Yazoghli, R. M. Dheilly, Michèle Quéneudec 2005 The valorisation of plastic waste: thermal conductivity of concrete formulated with PET.: htps://

Pavani, P. T. Raja Rajeswari, 2014 Impact of Plastics on Environmental Pollution.

Rajaram, E. S, 1997 Plastic recycling in Bangalore, India, UWEP, Bangalore

Science for Environment Policy Report 2011 Ecological and Human Health Impacts.

Sharjah Municipality. Harmful Effects of Plastic.

The Dangers of Backyard Trash Burning. into a Resource. URL IETC:

Training and Research Support Centre (TARSC) Civic Forum on Housing (CFH). 2010 ‘Assessment of Solid Waste Management in three local authority areas of Zimbabwe, Report of a Community Based Assessment: Discussion Paper, TARSC, Harare

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 2009 Converting Waste Plastics

United Nations Environment Prorogramme (UNEP) 2018, UNEP Headquarters, Nairobi

Urban Waste Expertise Program 1997 Plastic Recycling in Bangalore, India

Vanitha, S. V. Natrajan and M. Praba 2015 Utilisation of Waste Plastics as a Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate in Concrete Blocks. Indian Journal of Science and Technology.

Vijaykumar B. Chanashetty and B.M. Patil 2015 Fuel from Plastic Waste. International Journal on Emerging Technologies

Women in Europe for a Common Future. Dangerous Health Effects of Home Burning of Plastics and Waste.

WCED, 1991 Our Common Future: World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Zimbabwe Television (ZTV) Morning News 29/ 03.2018


Copyright (c) 2018 Nyashadzashe Ngaza, Jemitias Mapira, Memory Mandiudza

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter