Marina Kogay


This article presents a study about students’ associations in China and their role in citizenship education of young people. The study has taken place at Northeast Normal University, China and focused on two students’ associations. The research questions address to find out in what kind of the association activities students participate, what knowledge, skills, attitudes and values they obtain, and how these competences are related to citizenship education. The findings have shown that by participating in student association activities students acquire various practical and professional knowledge and skills. After joining the associations there have been great changes in their values and attitudes towards society, work and life. Student association activities enhance students’ voluntary actions, social and moral responsibility, civic values, and students’ personal development. This research is useful for studies on understanding of citizenship education in the Asia Pacific Region. It contributes to the pedagogy of citizenship education in informal curriculum activities. The results of the research can be used for making specific programs for arranging activity of students’ associations.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



citizenship education; students associations; China

Full Text:



Banks, J. (2004) 'Teaching for Social Justice, Diversity and Citizenship in a Global World', The Educational Forum, 68, pp. 296-305.

Banks, J. (2008) 'Diversity, group identity, and citizenship education in a global age', Educational Researcher, 37(3), pp. 129–139.

Beck, P. and Jennings, M. K. (1982) 'Pathways to Participation', APSR, 76, pp. 94-108.

Branson, M. (1998) 'The role of civic education', Center for Civic Education.

Cen, G. and Li, D. (2006) 'Social Transformation and Values Conflicts Among Youth in Contemporary China', International perspectives on youth conflict and development. NY: Oxford University Press, pp. 156–170.

'China's Communist Youth League has 73.496 million members', (2007) China Daily. Avaialble at: (Accessed: 30.04.2013).

'Communist Youth League ', Accessed 27 April 2013.

Curtice, J. and Seyd, B. (2010) 'Is there a crisis of political participation?', in Park, A., Curtice, J., Sherrod, K.L., Torney-Purta, J. & Flanagan, C. (eds.) Handbook on civic engagement in youth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Fairbrother, G. P. (2008) 'Rethinking hegemony and resistance to political education in mainland China and Hong Kong', Comparative Education Review, 52(3), pp. 381-412.

Fletcher, A. (2005) Meaningful student involvement: Guide to students as partners in school change. Olympia, WA: SoundOut.

Gemmeke, M., Weerd, M., Rigter, J. and Rij, C. (2005) Indicators for monitoring active citizenship and citizenship education, Regioplan Amsterdam.

Glesne, C. (1999) Becoming qualitative researchers: An introduction (2nd ed.). Don Mills, Ontario, Canada: Longman.

Goethals, L. (2012) 'The EU-China youth policy dialogue – A peek review', The EU-China Youth Policy Dialogue, Accessed 25 April 2013.

Goldstein, S. and Brooks, R. B. (2005) Handbook of resilience in children. New York, N.Y.: Springer.

Haensly, P. A., Lupkowski, A. E. and Edlind, E. P. (1985-1986) 'The role of extracurricular activities in education', The High School Journal, 69(2), pp. 110-119.

Heather, D. (1999) What is Citizenship? Cambridge: polity press.

Helm, M. M. (1991) The Relationship of Participation in Extracurricular Activities to Self-Concept and Achievements among Students in Junior High Schools in Fayette County, Kentucky. Doctoral dissertation, University of Kentucky, Kentucky.

Hodgkinson, V. A. and Weitzman, M. S. (1990) Volunteering and Giving among American Teenagers 14 to 17 Years of Age. Findings from a National Survey, New York: Ford FoundationED330923).

Kan, W. 2010. Citizenship Education in China and the UK: Key features and contemporary challenges. In: University, B.N. (ed.). Faculty of Education.

Keating, A. (2016) 'Are cosmopolitan dispositions learned at home, at school, or through contact with others? Evidence from young people in Europe', Journal of Youth Studies, 19(3), pp. 338-357.

Kerr, D. (2002) England's results from the IEA international citizenship education study : what citizenship and education mean to 14 year olds. Nottingham: Department for Education and Skills.

Lee, W. O. (2004) 'Emerging Concepts of Citizenship in the Asian Context ', in Lee, W. O., Grossman, D.L., Kennedy, K.J. & Fairbrother, G.P. (eds.) Citizenship education in Asia and the Pacific : concepts and issues. Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre, University of Hong Kong, pp. 25-36.

Lee, W. O. and Ho, C. H. (2005) 'Ideopolitical shifts and changes in moral education policy in China', Journal of Moral Education 34(4), pp. 417-435.

Lewis, C. P. (2004) The Relation Between Extracurricular Activities with Academic and Social Competencies in School Age Children: A Meta-Analysis, Austin: The University of Texas.

Li, P., Zhong, M., Bin, L. and Zhang, H. (2004) 'Deyu as moral education in modern China: ideological functions and transformations', Journal of Moral Education, 33(4), pp. 449-464.

Marshall, T. H. (1950) Citizenship and social class, and other essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mok, K. (1997) 'Privatization or marketization: Educational development in post-Mao China', International Review of Education, 43, pp. 547-567.

'Northeast Normal University website', Accessed 27 April 2013.

Park, A., Curtice, J., Sherrod, K. L., Torney-Purta, J. and Flanagan, C. (2010) Handbook on civic engagement in youth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Putnam, R. (1995) 'Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital', Journal of Democracy 6(1), pp. 65-78.

Qi, W. and Tang, H. (2004) 'The social and cultural background of contemporary moral education in China', Journal of Moral Education 33(4), pp. 465-480.

Schulz, W., Ainley, J., Fraillon, J., Kerr, D. and Losito, B. (2010) Initial Findings from the IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study, Amsterdam: IEA.

Wu, S. 1992. The Relationship of Extracurricular Activities to Academic Achievement and Educational Expectations of Adolescents: A Cross-National Comparison. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois.

Xiao, X. (2004) The Birth of Civil Society. Shanghai: Shanghai Joint Publishing Co.

Zhang, Y. (2011) Citizenship Education in China: Comparing eighth grade students’ civic attitudes and civic engagement in Shanghai and Hong Kong. Doctor Of Philosophy, The University of Minnesota.

Zhao, Z. and Fairbrother, G. (2010) Citizenship pedagogies in Asia and the Pacific. Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) and Springer.


Copyright (c) 2018 Marina Kogay

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2016 - 2023. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


Hit counter