Robert Andrews Ghanney


This study investigated the effect of sand winning activities on academic performance of Junior High School pupils in the Awutu-Senya West District in the Central Region of Ghana. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, a convergent mixed method design was employed. The sample size for the quantitative study was 105, comprising 70 pupils and 35 parents. In the qualitative phase, a sample size of 8 comprising 4 pupils and 4 parents were employed. The researcher used questionnaire and interview guide as the primary tools for collecting both quantitative and qualitative data respectively. The quantitative data were analysed using the version 22 of the Statistical Product for Service Solution (SPSS) whereas the qualitative data were analysed using the thematic approach. Among the findings of the study, it was revealed that, sand winning activities contributed statistically significantly to pupils’ poor academic performance in Social Studies. The study recommended that the Directorate of the Ghana Education Service at Awutu-Senya West District and traditional leaders should be in constant dialogue with members of the communities, especially parents, to appreciate the value of formal education in order to ensure that their children stay in school and study. It was suggested that further research be conducted in other basic schools in the country where sand winning activities are carried out to give the general overview regarding the influence of sand winning activities on academic performance of junior high school pupils and to come out with holistic approach in curbing the situation.

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sand winning, academic performance, school attendance, formal education, social studies

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