Sifa Bura Huguette


As the education sector is gaining increasing attention in international debates for sustainable peace building, it is important to analyze the conditions under which education is taking place. The provision of education in conflict-affected and fragile countries is challenging. The Congolese education sector is characterized by a gradual retreat of the state in the provision of education and an increasing authority and decision-making power of local actors. The predominance of uncodified practical norms causes constant negotiations between different actors. The main purpose of this study is to identify the DRC’ priorities for education policy and present options in order to assist the government in developing an education strategy. This is necessary for preparing the government’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and a program of assistance for the education sector by external donors. Furthermore, this is to explore the “efficiency, effectiveness and equity of public expenditure of the education sector in the Democratic Republic of Congo” i.e. to evaluate the strength of the linkages between different levels and determine how the structure of the DRC’s education activities can guide the choice of development. Qualitative analysis and documentary research method have been used for data collection and desk review. The results of this research showed that on one hand, the country continues to emerge from a prolonged economic crisis, political instability and war which have had serious negative impacts on the education system. On the other hand, the education remains the true alchemy that can bring DRC its next golden age. To cope with this, reform measures continue to be adopted with a view to economic recovery, with special focus on open education for all by improving access, equality and equity, job creation and reducing poverty in order to improve the living conditions of each.

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