EXAMINATION OF BIBLICAL AND THEOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS FOR SINGLE MOTHERS ON THEIR SPIRITUAL GROWTH IN THE SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST CHURCH

Moturi Ruthline Bochere, Bernard Gechiko, Paul Kyalo

Abstract


The study was about an Assessment of the Challenges facing Single Mothers on their Spiritual Growth in the Seventh Day Adventist Church. The objective was to establish the biblical and theological foundations for single mothers on their spiritual growth in the Seventh Dy Adventist Church. The Marxist Theory of Feminism was used. The study was conducted in Kisii County which is in Western Kenya. The target population in the study included 5 Churches within the Nyanchwa Station, South Kenya Conference. The researcher employed a census sampling method from the 5 churches with a sample population of 105 participants. The main instruments of data collection for the study were questionnaires, focused group discussions, and oral interviews. The study established the biblical and theological foundations for single mothers by referencing single mothers in the Bible. The study recommended that all aspects of inclusivity, acceptance and being welcome need to be accorded to all Christians, regardless of their marital status; The Church in Africa could borrow a leaf from the Church in the West in practicing the doctrine and social teaching of the church, about accepting members as they come; and Pastoral Councils and Christians in leadership need to be on the front line in practicing inclusiveness and acceptance of every Christian.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


biblical foundations, theological foundations, single mothers, spiritual growth

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amato, P. R. (1993). Children’s adjustment to divorce theories, hypotheses, and empirical support. Journal of marriage and the family, Vol. 55, No. 1 (Feb., 1993), pp. 23-38 https://doi.org/10.2307/352954

Andesrson, B. A. (1994). Single-parent family strength: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Utah).

Andreson S. B., Zinser P. J. (2002). A History of their own: Women in Europe from Prehistory to Present vol. II. London: Penguin Books.

Balswick, Jack O., and Judith K. Balswick. Family: A Christian Perspective on the Contemporary Home. 3rd ed. Ada, MI: Baker Publishing Group, 2007.

Brown, E. (1999). Loss, Change and Grief: An Educational Perspective. London: David Fulton.

Brown, P. (2012). A guide for parenting, England: The Stanborough Press

Burden, D. S. (2000). Single parents and the work setting: The impact of multiple jobs and home-life responsibilities. Family Relations, 35, 37-43.

Chen M. (1998). Widows in India: Social neglect and public action. New Delhi, London: Sage Thousand Oak.

Chen, M. (1998). Widows in India: Social neglect and public action. New Delhi, London: Sage Thousand Oak.

Coontz, S. (1997). The way we really are: Coming to terms with America’s changing families. New York: Basic Books.

Dillman, D. (2007). Mail and internet surveys, the tailored design method, 2nd Edition. New York. Wiley.

Gary, R. (1995). Family shock. Tyndate House Publishers, Wheaton Illinois

Grudem, Wayne A., ed. Biblical Foundations for Manhood and Womanhood. Foundations for the family series. Wheaton, Ill: Crossway Books, 2002.

Kinoti, H. W., Waliggo J. M. (1997). The Bible in African Christianity: Essay in Biblical Theology. Nairobi, Kenya: Acton Publishers.

Macionis J. J. (1987). Sociology, 6th Edition. USA: Apprentice Hall Inc.

Macionis, Gerber, John, Linda. (2010). Sociology, 7th Canadian Edition. Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Canada.

Mathews, M. Psychosocial challenges of single Indian mothers and the effectiveness of targeted intervention.

Mclanahan, S. and Sanderfur, G. (2008). Growing up with a single parent, Cambridge. M.A: Harvard University Press.

Mclellan D. (1977). The Marx-Engels Reader. Oxford University Press: Great Britain

Mitchell, E. (2013). I am a woman and human: Marxist feminist critique of intersectionality, Retrieved from https://libcom.org/library/i-am-woman-human-marxist-feminist-critique-intersectionality-theory-eve-mitchell

Mugambi, N. K. and Michael, R. (2009). Contextual theology across cultures, Nairobi

Musa, B. (2016). The Institution of the Family. Lim Kit Siang.

Mutai, K. (2000). How to write quality research proposal: A complete and simplified recipe. Mysore India: Theley Publications

Osborne, C. (2002). Diversity among unmarried parents: The importance of marriage expectations. Princeton, NJ: Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.

Osborne, C. (2004). A New Look at Unmarried Families: Diversity in Human Capital, Attitudes, and Relationship Quality based on Living Arrangement and Marriage Expectations.

Osiek, Carolyn, David L. Balch, and Jason T. Lamoreaux, eds. Finding a Woman’s Place: Essays in Honor of Carolyn Osiek, R.S.C.J. Princeton theological monograph series. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2011.

Pelt, N. V. (1980). To have and to hold: A Guide to a successful marriage.

Scott, C. (2015). Two Americas: The Effects of Single Motherhood on the Racial Disparity in American Life Expectancy (Doctoral dissertation).

Scott, J. (2004). Family, gender and educational attainment in Britain: A longitudinal study. Journal of comparative family studies

SDA Church Manual (2010). 18th Edition. Hagerstown Maryland, USA. Review and Herald Publishing Association.

Sidel, Ruth (2006) Unsung heroines: single mothers and the American dream. Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 187.

Single mom, U. (2016). Single mom. Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 20 April 2016, from http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=single+mom.

Single, Peg Boyle. Demystifying Dissertation Writing. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC, 2010; p. 20.

Sullivan, H. (2008). Teaching for competence. New York, NY: Teachers College Press

Tong, R. (2013). Feminist thought: A comprehensive introduction. Rutledge.

Turner, J. H., ed. (2001). Handbook of Sociological Theory. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

West, R. (2007). Marriage, Sexuality and Gender. London: Paradigm Publishers.

White E. G. (1930). Messages to the young people: Review and Herald Publishing Association.

White, E. G. (1952).Welfare ministry. Washington.

Illinoi S. (2003). The effect of widowhood, physical and mental health: Health Behavior and Health Outcome.

Winkler, C. (2010). Feminist Sociological Theory. Historical developments and theoretical approaches in sociology-volume ii, (pg. 47)

MacArthur, J., & MacArthur, J. (2011). Divine design: God's complementary roles for men and women. Colorado Springs: David C. Cook.

Essen, A. M., & Bassey, A. A. (2012). The social and religious challenges of single mothers in Nigeria. American Journal of Social Issues and Humanities, 2(4).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejsss.v6i4.1079

Copyright (c) 2021 Moturi Ruthline Bochere, Bernard Gechiko, Paul Kyalo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal Of Social Sciences Studies (ISSN 2501-8590) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.


 

Hit counter