W. Widodo, Wiwik Utami


Kidney transplantation has been practiced in Indonesia by hundreds of patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and has been successful. Kidney transplant activity is considered legal as long as it does not contain elements of trading. Although buying and selling kidneys is considered a crime, there were more than 100 cases of covert kidney sales in Indonesia between 2015-2021. This crime must be eradicated by the Indonesian government, and in order for an effective eradication policy to be based on a study of the causes of people selling their kidneys, using rational choice theory as a theoretical and practical criminological theory is adequate. Based on the results of a study based on rational choice theory, people sell kidneys because they are based on self-assessment, and are always oriented towards the goal of getting money easily, quickly, and a lot. Kidney sellers use 3 criteria in selling kidneys, namely (a) selling kidneys is a preference and occupies the highest hierarchy in the calculation because it is financially profitable, (b) selling kidneys is safer from all risks and can maximize utility, (c) selling kidneys can be beneficial, easy to do, satisfying, and fun.

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