Marieta Vienna, Ria Hariani, Marissa Istiani


The process of forming self-identity occurs from childhood to adulthood. The individual's ability to go through a crisis in his life will determine the achievement of identity and form a commitment to the next life. The main objective of this research is to understand the process of self-identity formation in female smokers ; the other objectives are to describe the influencing factors and to see how the subject sees himself in living his nature as a woman. Subjects amounted to 3 people with characteristics of young adult women (20-30 years) and active smokers for at least 3 years. The research method used is qualitative with a phenomenological approach and data analysis of DFI (Description of Individual Phenomena). The data collection method used was in-depth interviews. Based on the results of the study, the process of forming the identity of the three subjects began when they entered childhood, where parenting had a very big influence. During adolescence, personal and environmental factors have a significant effect and during adulthood, personal factors play the most important role in determining decisions. There are differences in the attainment of identity status experienced by the three subjects. Both subjects reached the identity achievement stage when they were adults. Meanwhile, one of the subjects was still completing the identity moratorium stage when he was an adult.

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