THE CONTRIBUTION OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND ANXIETY TO THE SLEEP QUALITY OF OLDER PEOPLE - A CORRELATIONAL STUDY OF PHYSICAL FITNESS AND ANXIETY TO THE SLEEP QUALITY OF OLDER PEOPLE IN KARTASURA, INDONESIA

D. Diyono, Muchsin Doewes, Agus Kristiyanto

Abstract


Old age is a state that will be experienced by all humans. The physical change happens in this age group will become a certain problem when it is not treated with proper action since aging process does not only create physical but also psychical problems. Sleep is a rest condition needed by humans. Sleep disorder which often happens to older people can be a disturbing problem in the daily life. Sleeping process does not only relate to a peaceful mind but also a fit condition. The primary concern of this research is to examine the contribution of physical fitness and anxiousness to the sleep quality of older people. This study applies quantitative approach with correlational research method and the population is older adults (>60 years old) from a senior center in Kartasura. There are 60 respondents as the samples. Two out of three employed variables are independent variables which are physical fitness and anxiety, and the other variable is dependent which is sleep quality. Regression and correlation analysis is used as the data analysis technique by doing experiment of preconditions for normality and linearity testing. The hypothetical examination employs regression and correlation analysis, for each are predictor and multiple regression analysis along with double correlation. The result shows that physical fitness and anxiety are related both partially and simultaneously. They create regression equation for the sleep quality of older people, in which the significant relationship between physical fitness and sleep quality is value p = 0, 001 (p < 0, 05) while the relationship of anxiety and sleep quality is value p = 0, 001. Any increase in physical fitness will lead to the improvement of sleep quality for 0, 270 and any decrease in anxiety will improve the sleep quality for 0, 369. The value R2 with 0, 612 shows that the contributed proportion of physical fitness and anxiety variables towards sleep quality variable is 61,2%. It means that physical fitness and anxiousness contributes for 61,2% while the remaining 38,9% is delivered from other variables which are absent within this test of linear regression model. The research conclusion mentions that physical fitness and anxiety relates and contributes both partially and simultaneously to the sleep quality of older people.

 

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physical fitness, anxiety, sleep quality

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.614

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