Nguyen Manh Phuong


Background: Engagement is an important factor in developing a student's performance. Engagement in physical education (PE) studies is a critical element contributing to the training quality of PE, helping students achieve comprehensive physical and mental development. Methods: The study targeted 400 first-year students at Ly Tu Trong College in Ho Chi Minh City who were born in 2004 (18 years old). The article constructed an assessment scale to evaluate the current status of engagement during PE classes, thereby conducting a survey to assess the current situation. Results: The study followed three steps: drafting a preliminary questionnaire, seeking the opinions of experts and specialists to refine the initial questionnaire, and checking the reliability of the final questionnaire (Cronbach Alpha). This process identified 17 questionnaire items to assess the current status of engagement during PE classes among students at Ly Tu Trong College in Ho Chi Minh City. These items represented Intellectual Engagement (5 questions), Cognitive Engagement (5 questions), and Learning Engagement (7 questions). The survey results from 400 students indicated that the current status of engagement (intellectual engagement and learning engagement) was at a normal level, and cognitive engagement was at a positive level. Many aspects, as assessed by the students, were not positively perceived. Conclusion: The thoroughly designed questionnaire consisting of 17 items, developed based on scientific principles, evaluates the present level of engagement in PE sessions at Ly Tu Trong College in Ho Chi Minh City. Findings indicate that intellectual and learning engagement are at an average level, whereas cognitive engagement is rated positively. However, students' responses suggest that several aspects are not viewed favorably.


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current situation, engagement, physical education, college students, Ho Chi Minh City

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