EFFECTS OF THE APPLICATION PROGRAMME OF CORRECTIVE EXERCISES ON FOOT CONDITION

Slaviša Lazuta, Nikolina Gerdijan, Željko Vukić

Abstract


The aim of this study was to determine the effects of corrective exercise programmes on the foot condition. The research was attended by 66 subjects (students of the Jovan Cvijić elementary school, Banja Luka) aged 11-12 years. Of the total number of subjects on initial testing, 44 subjects (72.7%) had flat foot deformity (first, second and third degree) and they participated in further research. The Footplate currex platform was used to assess the arch of the foot. The programme of flat foot corrective exercises lasted a total of 4 months. Exercises were performed twice a week for 20 minutes. The programme included a total of 13 exercises and each exercise was repeated 20 times. A Chi-squared test was applied to determine if there was a difference in the frequency of foot deformities between the initial and final measurements, as well as gender differences, i.e. whether the applied exercise programme affected the reduction of foot arch deformity (p <0.05). The obtained results showed a statistically significant difference between the initial and final measurement (p= 0.008). At the initial measurement, most subjects had the first degree of flat foot deformity (33 subjects or 75%), the second degree (9 subjects or 20.50%), and the third degree (2 subjects or 4.50%). Corrective exercises had positive effects in subjects with the established first-degree flat foot deformity. After the programme of corrective exercises, the deformity of the first degree disappeared in 10 subjects (22.7%). In subjects with established foot deformities of the second and third degree, no statistically significant difference was observed after the programme of corrective exercises. By analysing the statistically obtained data of flat foot deformities between male and female subjects, we concluded that there is a higher number of deformities in boys, although the result has no statistical significance. Based on the data, we can conclude that exercises are the most effective method for flat foot correction. If there is a higher degree of foot deformity, it is necessary to perform corrective exercises for a longer period of time and with a stronger intensity (several times a week).

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corrective exercises, flat foot, deformity

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v6i11.3585

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