Wabuyabo K. Issah, Vurigwa Esther, Mugala Hannington Bulinda, Peter Bukhala


Contributions of sports on health continue to expand due to ever ongoing research. Conclusive studies validate significant benefits of physical activity in many health conditions. Despite the recognition and knowledge of the beneficial effects of exercise on persons living with HIV and AIDS in the developed world, there are few published studies on knowledge of effect of exercise on HIV infected persons in developing countries. This study is designed to determine whether health science students in Kenya have basic knowledge on the effect of exercise on HIV infected persons. Simple random sampling was employed in selected institutions in Kenya that offer health science programmes. The study, a descriptive survey by design used a researcher designed questionnaire on knowledge of effects of exercise on HIV infected persons for data collection. The questionnaire was administered to student in all year groups in Nursing and Midwifery, Medical Laboratory Sciences, Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Results showed a positive response of medical students towards significance of exercise towards improved physiological and psychosocial aspects of HIV/AIDS management. It recommended exercise specific content in the curriculum of medical students to empower them in prescribing exercise as an alternative to the management of HIV/ AIDS conditions and need to design cost effective exercise programes to enable the low social economic status people access fitness.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



HIV/AIDS, exercise, health promotion

Full Text:



Allison R. Webel, RN, Jacob Barkley, Chris T. Longenecker, Alison Mittelsteadt, MS, Barbara Gripshover, Robert A. Salata, (2015) A Cross-Sectional Description of Age and Gender Differences in Exercise Patterns in Adults Living With HIV. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 26, 176-186.

Brian D. Arey, ANP, MSN and Margaret W. Beal, CNM, PhD (2002). The Role of Exercise in the Prevention and Treatment of Wasting in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. JANAC Vol. 13, No. 1,

Catherine A. Dufour & Maria J. Marquine & Pariya L. Fazeli & Brook L. Henry & Ronald J. Ellis & Igor Grant & David J. Moore & the HNRP Group(2013). Physical exercise is associated with less neurocognitive impairment among HIV-infected adults. Journal of NeuroVirology, Inc. Published online

Gore, C.J. & Withers, R.T.(1990).“Effect of Exercise Intensity and Duration on Post exercise Metabolism,” Journal of Applied Physiology, 68, 6 (1990), 2362-8.

Heyward, V.H. (2014). Advanced Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription. 7th Ed. Campaign: Human Kinetics Publishers.

ISSP. (1992).“Physical Activity and Psychological Benefits: A position Statement,” International Journal of Sport Psychology, 23,1 (1992), 86-91.

Joseph T. Ciccolo, Esbelle M. Jowers and John B. Bartholomew (2004).The Benefits of Exercise Training for Quality of Life in HIV/AIDS in the Post-HAART Era Sports Med; 34 (8):

LaPerriere A; (1994). Effects of aerobic exercise training on lymphocyte subpopulations. International Journal of Sports Medicine [Int J Sports Med] 1994 Oct; Vol. 15 Suppl 3, pp. 127-30.

LaPerriere A; Klimas N., Fletcher M. A., Perry, A., Ironson, G., Perna, F., Schneiderman, N. (1997). Change in CD4+ cell enumeration following aerobic exercise training in HIV-1 disease: possible mechanisms and practical applications. International Journal of Sports Medicine [Int J Sports Med] 1997 Mar; Vol. 18 Suppl 1, pp. S56-61.

McArdle, W.D Katch, F.I & Katch, (1991). V.L. Exercise and Physiology: Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1991.

Mira Pistillo, Austin B. Bigley, Guillaume Spielmann, Emily C. LaVoy, Mark R. Morrison, Hawley Kunz, Richard J. Simpson (2013) The effects of age and viral serology on cd T-cell numbers and exercise responsiveness in humans. Cellular Immunology; 284: 91–97.

Morgan, W.P. & Goldston, S.E. (Ed.). (1987). Exercise and Mental Health, Washington: Hemisphere.

Mustafa, T, S, F.S, Macera CA, Thompson, S.J, Jackson, K.L, Selassie, A and Dean, L.L. (1999). Association between exercise and HIV disease progression in a cohort of homosexual men Ann Epidemiol. 9 (2):127-31

Smith, E.L. & Gilligan, C. (1987).“Effects of Inactivity and Exercise on Bone,” The Physician and Sports medicine, 15,11 (1987), 91-2, 95-6, 98-9, 102.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Wabuyabo K. Issah, Vurigwa Esther, Mugala Hannington Bulinda, Peter Bukhala

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).