ACUTE EFFECT OF VARIOUS EXERCISE INTENSITIES ON COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE

Halil Ibrahim Ceylan, Ozcan Saygin

Abstract


The aim of this study was to examine the acute effect of various exercise intensities on coincidence anticipation timing at different stimulus speeds. Fifteen male students who attend to Faculty of Sport Sciences at Mugla Sitki Kocman University, have been dealing with individual or team sports and having licenses for 5 or more years with no health problem or disability, participated in this study voluntarily. Athletes were subject to incremental running protocol on treadmill at 70 percent and 90 percent exercise intensity. Coincidence anticipation timing performances of athletes at each stimulus speeds (6 mph, 9mph and 12 mph) were measured in rest and steady state at each exercise intensity (70 percent and 90 percent). Bassin Anticipation Timer device was used for determining coinciding anticipation timing performance. The data were recorded in SPSS program. Repeated Measures ANOVA, Bonferroni Correction were used. According to, a Repeated Measures ANOVA statistically significant difference was found in mean absolute error scores measured at rest, 70 percent and 90 percent intensity exercises (F(2, 28)=9.446), p=.001, multivariate partial eta squared=.40). Post hoc tests using the Bonferroni correction revealed that coincidence anticipation timing mean absolute error scores (6 mph) were statistically significantly higher at 70 percent and 90 percent intensity exercises than mean absolute scores measured at rest. For 9 mph, statistically significant difference was found in mean absolute error scores measured at rest, 70 percent and 90 percent intensity exercises (F(2, 28)=6.124), p=.006, multivariate partial eta squared=.30). Bonferroni correction explained that mean absolute error scores (9 mph) measured at 70 percent and 90 percent intensity exercises were statistically significantly higher than mean absolute scores measured at rest. For 12mph, no statistically significant difference was found in mean absolute error scores measured at rest, 70 percent and 90 percent intensity exercises (F(2, 28)=1.873), p=.172, multivariate partial eta squared=.11). Mean absolute error scores (12 mph) measured at 90 percent intensity exercises were higher than mean absolute scores measured at rest and 70 percent intensity. In conclusion, it has been seen that high and moderate intensity exercises influence coincidence anticipation timing negatively at low, moderate stimulus speeds. Thus, in the planning of the training programs, it is important to enhance sensory-motor function stamina of athletes for high intensity activities and it is suggested that the athletes could be involved in exercises that improve their response to different stimuli.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


athlete, coincidence anticipation timing, exercise intensity, stimulus speed

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alaei F, 2015. Effects of exercise intensity and stimulus speed on coincidence anticipation timing with respect to gender in adolescent badminton players. PhD Thesis. Middle East Technical University.

Anshel MH, Novak J, 1989. Effects of Different Intensities of Fatigue on Performing a Sport Skill Requiring Explosive Muscular Effort: A Test of the Specificity of Practice Principle. Perceptual and Motor Skills 69(3): 1379-1389.

Aslan A, Guvenç A, Hazır T, Acikada C, 2011. Genc Futbolcularda Yuksek Siddette Yuklenme Sonrasinda Toparlanma Dinamikleri. Spor Bilimleri Dergisi: Hacettepe Üniversitesi 22(3): 93-103, 2011.

Bard C, Fleury M, 1978. Influence of Imposed Metabolic Fatigue on Visual Capacity Components. Perceptual and Motor Skills 47: 1283-1287.

Brisswalter J, Collardeau M, Rene A, 2002. Effects of Acute Physical Exercise Characteristics on Cognitive Performance. Sports Medicine 32(9): 555-566.

Chang YK, Labban JD, Gapin JI, Etnier JL, 2012. The Effects of Acute Exercise on Cognitive Performance: A Meta-Analysis. Brain Research 1453: 87-101.

Davranche K, Audiffren M, 2004. Facilitating Effects of Exercise on Information Processing. Journal of Sports Sciences 22(5): 419-428.

Delignieres D, Brisswalter J, Legros P, 1994. Influence of Physical Exercise on Choice Reaction Time in Sport Experts: The Mediating Role of Resource Allocation. Journal of Human Movement Studies 27: 173-188.

Duncan MJ, Chan CK, Clarke ND, Cox M, Smith M, 2017. The Effect of Badminton-Specific Exercise on Badminton Short-Serve Performance in Competition and Practice Climates. European Journal of Sport Science 17(2): 119-126.

Duncan MJ, Fowler N, George O, Joyce S, Hankey J, 2015. Mental Fatigue Negatively Influences Manual Dexterity and Anticipation Timing but Not Repeated High-Intensity Exercise Performance in Trained Adults. Research in Sports Medicine 23(1): 1-13.

Duncan MJ, Smith M, Bryant E, Eyre E, Cook K, Hankey J, Tallis J, Clarke N, Jones MV, 2016. Effects of Increasing and Decreasing Physiological Arousal on Anticipation Timing Performance during Competition and Practice. European Journal of Sport Science 16(1): 27-35.

Duncan M, Smith M, Lyons M. 2013. The Effect of Exercise Intensity on Coincidence Anticipation Performance at Different Stimulus Speeds. European Journal of Sport Science 13(5): 559-566.

Fontana FE, Mazzardo O, Mokgothu C, Furtado Jr O, Gallagher JD, 2009. Influence of Exercise Intensity on the Decision-Making Performance of Experienced and Inexperienced Soccer Players. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology 31(2): 135-151.

Hardy L, Parfitt GA, 1991. Catastrophe Model of Anxiety and Performance. British Journal of Psychology 82(2): 163–178.

Isaacs LD, Pohlman RL, 1991. Effects of Exercise Intensity on an Accompanying Timing Task. Journal of Human Movement Studies 20: 123-131.

Jarvis M, 2006. Sport Psychology: A Student's Handbook. Routledge.

Karvonen MJ, Kentala E, Mustala O 1957. The Effects of Training Heart Rate: A Longitudinal Study. Annales Medicinae Experimentalis et Biologiae Fenniae 35: 307-315.

Kashihara K, Nakahara Y, 2005. Short-Term Effect of Physical Exercise at Lactate Threshold on Choice Reaction Time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 100: 275-291.

Lambourne K, Tomporowski P, 2010. The Effect of Exercise-Induced Arousal on Cognitive Task Performance: A Meta-Regression Analysis. Brain Research, 1341: 12-24.

Lyons M, 2011. The effects of prior moderate and intense exercise on sports-related performance. Unpublished Thesis. Coventry University.

Lyons M, Al-Nakeeb Y, Nevill A, 2008. Post-Exercise Coincidence Anticipation in Expert and Novice Gaelic Games Players: The Effects of Exercise Intensity. European Journal of Sport Science 8(4): 205-216.

Mc Morris T, 2004. Acquisition and Performance of Sport Skills. University College, Chishester, UK, John Wiley and Sons.

McMorris T, Graydon J, 1996. The Effect of Exercise on the Decision-Making Performance of Experienced and Inexperienced Soccer Players. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 67(1): 109-114.

McMorris T, Sproule J, Turner A, Hale BJ, 2011. Acute, Intermediate Intensity Exercise, and Speed and Accuracy in Working Memory Tasks: A Meta-Analytical Comparison of Effects. Physiology & Behavior 102(3): 421-428.

Mekari S, Fraser S, Bosquet L, Bonnery C, Labelle V, Pouliot P, Lesage F, Bherer L, 2015. The Relationship between Exercise Intensity, Cerebral Oxygenation and Cognitive Performance in Young Adults. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115(10): 2189-2197.

Omar RH, Meng KY, Knight VF, Manan FA, Padri MNA, 2017. Visual Anticipation Time Differences between Athletes in Open and Closed Skills Sports. Movement, Health & Exercise 6(1): 13-19.

Rodrigues P, Lima E, Vasconcelos MO, Barreiros JM, Botelho M, 2011. Stimulus Velocity Effect on the Performance of a Coincidence-Anticipation Task of Right-and Left-Handers. Revista Brasileira de Educaçao Fisica e Esporte 25(3): 487-496.

Royal KA, Farrow D, Mujika I, Halson SL, Pyne D, Abernethy B, 2006. The Effects of Fatigue on Decision Making and Shooting Skill Performance in Water Polo Players. Journal of Sports Sciences 24(8): 807-815.

Sabzi AH, Hasanvand B, Roozbahani M, 2014. The Effect of Different Intensity Exercise-Induced Arousal on Discriminative Reaction Time. International Journal of Sport Studies 4(6): 671-675.

Sanders G, 2011. Sex Differences in Coincidence-Anticipation Timing (CAT): A Review. Perceptual and Motor Skills 112(1): 61-90.

Senel O, Duvan A, Toros T, 2010. Maksimal Yuklenme Yogunlugunun Elit Turk Eskrimcilerin Gorsel Reaksiyon Zamanlari Uzerine Etkisi. Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 4(3): 146-151.

Smith M, Tallis J, Miller A, Clarke ND, Guimaraes-Ferreira L, Duncan MJ, 2016. The Effect of Exercise Intensity on Cognitive Performance During Short Duration Treadmill Running. Journal of Human Kinetics 51(1): 27-35, 2016.

Thomson K, Watt A, Liukkonen J, 2009. Differences in Ball Sports Athletes Speed Discrimination Skills Before and After Exercise Induced Fatigue. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 8: 259-264.

Weineck J, 2011. Futbolda Kondisyon Antrenmani. Tanju Bagirgan (Çev.). Ankara, Spor Kitapevi,

Williams AM, Ford PR, Eccles DW, Ward P, 2011. Perceptual- Cognitive Expertise in Sport and Its Acquisition: Implications for Applied Cognitive Psychology. Appl Cogn Psychol 25(3): 432–442.

Wu Y, Zeng Y, Zhang L, Wang S, Wang D, Tan X, Zhu X, Zhang J, Zhang J, 2013. The Role of Visual Perception in Action Anticipation in Basketball Athletes. Neuroscience 237: 29-41.

Yerkes RM, Dodson JD, 1908. The Relation of Strength of Stimulus to Rapidity of Habit Formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology 18(5): 459-482.

Zaichkowsky LD, Baltzell A, 2001. Arousal and Performance. In: Singer, RN, Hausenblas HA, Janelle CM (Eds.) Handbook of Sport Psychology. 2.(edition). (pp 319-339). New York, Wiley & Sons.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.1489

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Halil Ibrahim Ceylan, Ozcan Saygin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).