Yunus Berk, Abdurrahim Kaplan, Seydi Ahmet Ağaoğlu


The sport, which is known to have many physical benefits, is a question of whether there is a positive or negative contribution to the individual in psychological terms. It is important that we do not understand whether our work has an effect on mental health issues, such as physical activity, performance and health. The aim of this study is to find out whether there is a significant difference between the depression, anxiety and stress levels of university students who do or do not sports. For this purpose, Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale developed by Lovibond and Lavibond in 1995 and personal information form created by researchers were used. Our study 400 volunteers from different departments studying at Ondokuz Mayıs University participated as volunteers. Of the 400 participants who participated in research, 292 did sports and 108 did not. Depression, anxiety and stress levels related to sport status were examined in order to understand the effects of physical activity. There was a significant difference in the levels of depression (p = 0.001) and anxiety levels (p = 0.004) of the individuals who did and did not perform sports, but no significant difference was found in the level of stress (p = 0.068). The results showed that depression and anxiety levels of individuals who did not exercise were higher than those who did sports, and there was no significant difference in stress level. These results indicated that sport was a helpful factor in reducing depression and anxiety levels and did not cause a significant difference in stress level.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



sports, depression, anxiety, stress

Full Text:



Akandere M., Serdengeçti C., 2003. Investigation of Depression Levels of Non-athletic and Non-athletic Students, Journal of Sports and Medicine,1: 12–16.

Akın A., Çetin B., 2007. Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale, Validity and Reliability Study. Educational Sciences in Theory and Practice, 7:1: 241-268.

Baltacı G., 2008. Children and Sports, Klasmat, Ankara.

Berger B. G., Owen D. R., 1983. Mood Alteration with Swimming-Summers Really Do “Feel Better”. Psychosom Med. 45: 425-33.

Bostanci Ö., 2014. Trait anxiety levels of university students studying at sports departments. Educational Research and Reviews, 9(20), 1021.

Erdoğan T., Ünsar A. S., Süt N., 2009. The Effects on Stressed Employees: A Research, Süleyman Demirel University, Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Isparta 14:2: 448.

Greenberg J. S., 1990; Lazarus Folkman, 1984. Coping With Stress A Practical Guide, W. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque.

Güneş Z., 1998. Sports and Nutrition, Bağırgan Publisher, Ankara.

Işık E., Uzbay T., 2008. Current Basic and Clinical Psychopharmacology, Golden Media, Ankara.

Iwasaki Y., Zuzanek J., Mannell R. C., 2001. The Effects of Physically Active.

Lamorche L., Gammage L., 2009. The Effects of Mirrored Environments on Self-Presentational Efficacy and Social Anxiety in Women in Step Aerobics Class, Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 10: 67–71.

Lippincott W., Wilkins, 2007. ACSM’s Health-Related Physical Fitness Assessment Manual, American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), USA. 2:6.

Mayda M. Hakan, Bostancı Ö., Kabadayı M., Özdal M., Yılmaz Ak, 2017. The Examınatıon of the State Anxıety Level of Female Basketball Players. International Conference on Exercise, Sport Health.

Özer İ, 2001. The Relevance of Adolescents’ Stress Experience Strategies for Coping with Self Image. Cukurova University Social Sciences Institute, Master Thesis, Ankara. 29.

Özer K., 2006. Physical Fitness, Nobel Publisher, Ankara.

Öztürk O. M., 1994. Mental Health and Disorders, Physicians Broadcasting Union, Ankara.

Regular physical activity plays an important role in the maintenance and improvement of health., 2009.

Richard H. C., Tom R. T., Pam S. H., Owen M. D., 2004. Effects of Acute 60 and 80% VO2max Bouts of Aerobic Exercise on State Anxiety of Women of Different Age Groups Across Time, Researc Quartery for Exercise and Sport. 75: 165–175.

Robert O., Pasnau M. D., 1985. Stres and Psychiatry, USA: Textbook of Psychiatry.

Steptoe A., Wardle J., Filler R., Holte A., Justo J., Sanderman R., 1997. Leisure-time Physical Exercise Prevalence Attitudinal Correlates and Behavioral Correlates among Young Europeans from 21 Countries, Prev Medicine. 26: 845-854.

Şahin Z., 2002. Evaluation of Physical Activity Level in Adolescents. Science Expertise Thesis. Hacettepe University, Institute of Health Sciences.

Ünver Ş., Atan T., Çavuşoğlu G., Erim V., Yamak B., 2015. A Comparison of Levels of Quality Of Life, Depression and Loneliness among Athletes with Different Levels of Training. Education Research and Reviews. 10: 130-134.

Yılmaz, A. K., Kabadayı, M., Mayda, M. H., & Birinci, M. C. (2016). Examination of Isokinetic Strength Rates Of Knee Joınt (H/Q) In Football Players. Journal of Social Science Research, 10, 2248-2253.

Zorba E., 2006. Body Structure Measuring Methods and Beating with Obesity, Morpa Culture Publications, İstanbul. 125.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Yunus Berk, Abdurrahim Kaplan, Seydi Ahmet Ağaoğlu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).