Aida Bendo, Laura Derhemi


The aim of the study is to compare the levels of physical activity and anthropometric parameters during the curricular time of a 45 minutes physical education lesson three time a week, in different kind of sports: volleyboll, basketball and athletics. A total of 88 teenage girls aged from 13-14 years old from “Pjetër Budi” elementary school in Tirana, have taken part volunteering in this study. The study period lasted from September to June 2014. The body mass index (BMI) significantly decreased in the group which was engaged with basketball (p < 0.000), which was associated from a decreased in body weight. A significant increase in height, body weight and BMI (p < 0.005) was observed in both volleyball and athletic groups. No significant changes were detected comparing between groups by paired t-test for equality. The t-test within groups revealed that some anthropometric parameters significantly were changed during this period in all three groups of sports. The Anova analysis showed that no significant changes were observed comparing these groups to each-other (p > 0.005), except the height parameter between volleyball and athletic groups  (p < 0.05). Although an addition of an hour a week increase in physical activity, accordingly to the new curricular program of physical education lesson, a clear improvement in health fitness parameters will help the children to achieve better results of motor performance in the future.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


anthropometric parameters, physical activity, motor performance, fitness


American College of Sports Medicine. (2001). Appropriate intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults. Med Sci Sport Exerc. Vol.33, 2145-2156

Bandyopadhyay, B. & Chattopadhyay, H. (2012). Assessment of physical fitness of sedentary and physically active male college students by a modified Harvard step test. Ergonomics, Vol.24(1), 15-20

Brausch, A.M,. Muehlenkamp, J.J. (2007). Body image and suicidal ideation in adolescents. Body image.Vol.492), 207-212

Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines. For youth 12-17 years. A report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Washington 2004.

Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology. (2003). Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness & Lifestyle Approach : CSEP-Health & Fitness Program’s Health-Related Appraisal and Counselling Strategy (3rd edition). Ottawa: Canada.

Chicky. I., & Rokita, A. (2012). The use of the ‘eduball’ educational ball in rural and urban primary schools and the physical fitness levels of children. Human Movement, Vol.13(3), 247-257

Ciesla, E., Mleczko, E., Bergier, J., Markowska, M., Nowak-Starz, G. (2014). Health-Related Physical Fitness, BMI, physical activity and time spent at a computer screen in 6 and 7-year-old children from rural areas in Poland. Annals of Agricul. & Environm. Medicine, Vol.21(3), 617-621

Dencker, M., & Andersen, L. B. (2008). Health-related aspects of objectively measured daily physical activity in children. J Sport Med. Vol.28: 113-144

Dencker, M., Thorsson, o., Karlsson, M., Linden, C., Svensson, J., Wollmer, P., et al. (2006). Daily physical activity and its relation to aerobic fitness in children aged 8-11 years. Eur J Appl Physiol. Vol.96(5), 587-592

Froberg, K., Andersen, L.B. (2005). Mini review: Physical Activity and Fitness and its relation to cardiovascular disease risk factors in children. Int J Obes. Vol.29, 34-39

Galaviz, K.I., Tremblay, M.S., Colley, R., Jauregui, E., Juan-Lopez y T., Janssen, I. (2012). Associations between physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity in mexican children. Salud publica de Mexico. Vol.54(5), 463-469

Haapala, E.A. (2013). Cardiorepiratory Fitness and Motor Skills in relation to Cogniton and Academic performance in children- A review. J Hum Kinet., Vol.36, 55-68

Hattiwale, H.M., Maniyar, S.A., Das, K.K., & Dhundasi, S.A., (2008). Role of BMI on PFI in two different age groups of healthy young males from north Karnataka. Al Ameen J Med Sci, Vol.1(1), 50-54

Jammer, M.S., Spruijt-Metz, D., Bassin, S. & Cooper D.M. (2004). A controlled evaluation to promote physical activity among sedentary adolescent females; Project FAB. Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol.34(4), 279-289

Khodnapur, J. P., Dhanakshirur, G.B. & Aithala, M. (2012). Role of Exercise and Nutrition on cardiopulmonary Fitness. Indian med Gaz, Vol.146(1), 6-9

Malina, R.M., Katzmarzyk, P.T. (2006). Physical activity and fitness in an international growth standard for preadolescent and adolescent children. Food Nutr Buil. 2008, Vol.27(4): S295-313

Maria, F. Laus., Telma, M.Braga Costa., Sebastiao, S. Almeida.(2011). Body image dissatisfaction and its relationship with physical activity and body mass index in Brazilian adolescents. J Bras Psiquiatr. Vol.60(4), 315-320

Marshall, S.J., Biddle, S.J.H., Gorely, T., Cameron, N., Murdey, I. (2004). Relationships between media use, body fatness and physical activity in children and youth: A meta-analysis. Int J Obes Rel Matabol Dis. Vol.28, 1238-1246

McCabe, M.P., Ricciardelli, L.A. (2006). A prospective study of extreme weight change behaviors among adolescents boys and girls. J Youth Adolesc. Vol.35(3), 402-411

Minatto, G., Petroski, E. & Silva, D. (2012). Exposure to concomitant low health-related physical fitness components and associated sociodemographic factors in Brazilian adolescents. Human Movement, Vol.13(4), 303-312

Moliner , U.D. Ruiz, J.R., Ortega, F.B., Rey-Lopez, J.P., Vicente-Rodriguez, G., Espana-Romero, V., et al. (2009). Association of objectively assessed physical activity with total and central body fat in Spanish adolescents: The HELENA study. Int J Obes. Vol.33(10), 1126-1135

Mukherjee, R., & Dhara, P.C. (2014). Effects of daily life physical activity on obesity indices, Cardiorespiratory fitness and association of the latter two with academic performance in Bengali adolescents of India. American Jouranl of Sports Science and Medicine, Vol.2(1), 48-55

Must, A., Tybor, D.J.(2005). Physical activity and sedentary behavior: A review of longitudinal studies of weight and adioposity in youth. Int J Obes (Lond), 29(Suppl 2): S84-96

Ortega, F.B., Ruiz, J.R., Castillo, M.J., Sjastram, M.(2008). Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: A powerful marker of health. Int J Obes (Lond), Vol.32(1), 1-11

Pesa J.A., Syre, t.R., Jones, E. (2000). Psychosocial differences associated with body weight among female adolescents: the importance of body image. J Adolesc Health. Vol.16(5), 330-337

Podstawski, R., & Boryslawski, K. (2012). Relationships between selected anthropometric features and motor abilities of children aged 7-9. Clin Kines. Vol.66(4), 82-90

Rauner, A., Mess, F., & Woll, A. (2013). The relationship between physical activity, physical fitness and overweight in adolescents: A systematic review of studies published in or after 2000. BMC Pedriatics, 13:19.

Rowlands, A., Eston, R.G., Ingledew, D.K. (1999). Relationship between activity levels, aerobic fitness, and body fat in 8-to 10-yr-old children. J Appl Physiol. Vol.86(4), 1428-1435

Sacchetti, R., Ceciliani, A., Garulli A., Masotti, A., Poletti, G., Beltrami, P., Leoni, E. (2012). Physical fitness of primary school children in relation to overweight prevelance and physical activity habits. J Sport Sci. Vol. 30(7), 633-640.doi.

Tanir, H., Gucluover, A., Cigerci AE (2014). The evaluation of physical activity and physical fitness levels of the adolescents staying in orphanage. Journal of Human Sport & Exercise, Vol.9(1), 436-444

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2008). Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Wing, R.R., & Hill, J.O., (2001). Successful weight loss maintenance. Annu Rev. Nutr. Vol.21, 323-341



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Aida Bendo, Laura Derhemi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).