THE EFFECTS OF BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS ON PSYCHOLOGICAL SKILLS OF ATHLETES

Deniz Bedir, Erim Erhan, Ilhan Şen, Fatih Bedir, Ahmad Gökhan Yazici

Abstract


Introduction and Aim: Psychological skills are one of the determining factors in an individual's sportive performance. The psychology of the athlete before, during and after the competition directly affects his or her performance in the competition. According to the theory of self- determination, satisfying the individual's basic psychological needs is necessary for individual growth, integration, development, mental health and wellbeing. It has become necessary to conduct a research on how effective the satisfaction of basic psychological needs in the development of psychological skills affecting the performance of the athlete during the competition can be achieved by going out of this theoretical way. In this context, it is aimed at investigating the effect of basic psychological needs on psychological skills of athletes.

Method: A total of 150 athletes, 39 females and 111 males, participated in the research in various sports branches. “Assessment of Psychological Skills by Athletes Inventory” and “Basic Psychological Needs Inventory” have been conducted to athletes. Descriptive statistical analysis, t test, ANOVA and linear regression analysis have been used in the analysis of the data.

Findings: As a result of the analyses, there is no significant difference on the gender basis according to the scores obtained from the “Assessment of Psychological Skills by Athletes Inventory”, while there is a significant difference in favor of the national athletes in terms of being national athletes (p=.004). Additionally, a linear regression analysis has been conducted to designate the extent to which the psychological needs of the athletes explain their psychological skills. According to the results, the basic psychological needs explains 22.1% of the total variance related to the psychological skills of the athletes (β=.479, t=6.629, p=.000).

Result: Accordingly, it can be said that satisfying basic psychological needs will contribute to the development of basic psychological skills.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


psychological skills, basic psychological needs, subject well-being

References


Amorose A.J., Anderson-Butcher D., Autonomy-supportive coaching and self-determined motivation in high school and college athletes: A test of self-determination theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2007; 8: 654-670.

Andersen, S. Fundamental Human Needs: Making Social Cognition Relevant. Psychological Inquiry. 2000; 11 (4), 269-276.

Arslanoğlu E., Tekin M., Arslanoğlu C., Özmutlu İ., Voleybol hakemlerinin çeşitli değişkenlere göre kaygı ve temel psikolojik ihtiyaç düzeylerinin incelenmesi. Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi. 2010; 7(2): 985-995.

Baard P.P., Deci E.L. Ryan R.M., Intrinsic need satisfaction: A motivational basis of performance and well-being in two work settings. J Applied Social Psych. 2004; 34(10): 2045-2068.

Blanchard C., Vallerand R.J. The mediating effects of perceptions of competence, autonomy, and relatedness on the social factors–self-determined situational motivation relationship. Unpublished manuscript, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 1996.

Cherapkina L. The neurofeedback successfulness of sportsmen. 6th INSHS International Christmas Sport Scientific Conference. 11-14 December 2011. International Network of Sport and Health Science. Szombathely, Hungary. 2012.

Deci E., Ryan R., The General Causality Orientations Scale: Self Determination in Personality. J Res Person. 1985b; 19: 109-134.

Deci E. Ryan R., “What” And “Why” of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self- Determination of Behaviour. Psychol Inquiry. 2000; 11 (4): 227-269.

Erhan S., Bedir D., Güler M., Ağduman F. Turkish Validity and Reliability Study of the Psychological Skills Assessment Scale of Sportsmen. Atatürk Uni Physic Edu Sports Sci J. 2015. 59-71.

Eysenck H. J., Arnold W., Meili R. Encyclopedia of psychology. Seabury Press. 1972.

Gagné M. The role of autonomy support and autonomy orientation in prosocial behavior engagement. Motivation and Emotion. 2003; 27: 199–223.

Gould D., Weiss, M., Weinberg R., Psychological characteristics of successful and unsuccessful Big Ten wrestlers. J Sport Psych. 1981; 3: 69-81.

Greenspan M.J., Feltz, D.M., Psychological interventions with athletes in competitive situations: A review. Sport Psych. 1989; 3: 219-236.

Hanson S. J., McCullagh P., Tonymon P., The relationship of personality characteristics, life stress, and coping resources to athletic injury. J Sport Exer Psych. 1992; 14: 262-272.

Mahoney M.J., Gabriel T.J., Perkins T.S., Psychological skills and exceptional athletic performance. Sport Psych. 1987; 1: l8l-199.

Mahoney M.J., Psychological predictors of elite and non-elite performance in Olympic weightlifting. Inter J Sport Psych, 1989; 20: l-12.

Montero-Carretero C., López Elvıra J.L., Impacto producido por la técnica seoi-otoshi. Relación con años de práctica y grado en judo. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas. 2014; 9(1).

Özaydın N., Examination of the psychological needs and life satisfaction of students who receive professional music education (Doctoral dissertation, Selcuk University Educational Sciences Institute). 2011.

Rossi M.R., Vitorino L.M., Salles, R.P., Cortez P.J.O. Estratégias De Coping Em Atletas De Futebol Feminino: Estudo Comparativo. Revista Brasileira Medicina Esporte. 2016; 22(4): 282-286.

Smith R.E., Schutz R.W., Smoll F.L., Ptacek J.T. Development and validation of a multidimensional measure of sport-specific psychological skills: The Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28. J sport exerc psych. 1995; 17(4): 379-398.

Smith R.E., Smoll, F.L., Ptacek, J.T. Conjunctive moderator variables in vulnerability and resiliency research: Life stress, social support and coping skills, and adolescent sport injuries. J Person Social Psych. 1990; 58: 360-370.

Şahin N., Rugancı N., Taş Y., Kuyucu S., Sezgin N., Factors of university students perceive related to stress, stress statements and methods of coping. Unpublished Research Report. Bilkent University Psychological Counseling and Research Center, Ankara. 1992.

Treasure J., Motivational interviewing. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment. 2004; 10(5): 331-337.

Williams J.M., Tonymon, P., Wadsworth, W.A., Relationship of stress to injury in intercollegiate volleyball. J Human Stress. 1986; 12: 38-43.

Williams, J.M. (1993). Applied sport psychology: Personal growth to peak performance (2nd ed.). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Yarkın E., Examining the contribution of basic psychological needs level to relationship satisfaction and life satisfaction level (Master's thesis, Institute of Social Sciences, Arel University, Istanbul). 2014.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.1278

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Deniz Bedir, Erim Erhan, Ilhan Şen, Fatih Bedir, Ahmad Gökhan Yazici

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).