Mustafa Demir, Alaattin Altın


Aim: In this study, it was aimed to systematically examine the studies on mortality and morbidity rates during the Covid-19 pandemic process. Materials and Methods: In the study, articles published in Ulakbim Turkish Medical Directory, Google Scholar, Scopus, Medline, Web of Science, Ebsco, PubMed, and Türk Medline databases between January 2020 and January 2021 were examined. The keywords ‘morbidity’, ‘mortality’, ‘Covid-19’, ‘pandemic’ were used in English and Turkish during the review. By examining the studies on reported morbidity and mortality rates due to Covid-19, 3509 articles were reached in the first stage, and eight articles were included. Results: When the studies were examined, it was concluded that the risk of death increased according to age. In some studies, the risk factor was higher in male patients than in female patients. On the other hand, it was found to be associated with age, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and neurological diseases. The patients in the highest-risk group were identified as those with cardiovascular disease. Patients with cardiac damage were 4.5 times riskier than those without. Conclusion: When Covid-19 mortality rates are examined, the common result in all studies is that mortality rates according to age increase exponentially in each country. In addition, it has been observed that comorbidities increase the risk of death. Obesity has been observed to increase the risk factor. It is important to examine the mortality and morbidity numbers in this process. It is also very important to conduct studies on health workers. Healthcare workers have been very worn out in the last year during the Covid-19 process. As a result, they have experienced a loss of resilience both psychologically and physically. It is important to carry out studies comparing the number of cases and deaths in healthcare workers with the overall number of cases and deaths, considering the average age of the workers.


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