NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND SCHIZOPHRENIA: THE ROLE OF COGNITIVE DEFICITS IN SCHIZOPHRENIA’S DIAGNOSIS, THEIR EMERGENCE AS SYMPTOMS, AND THE COGNITIVE FIELDS AFFECTED

Georgia Konstantopoulou, Maria Ioakeimidi, Evangelia Eirini Tsermpini

Abstract


Schizophrenia’s (SZ) development results from various factors, including physical, genetic, psychological, and environmental contributions. Over the last decades, many neuropsychological studies have demonstrated cognitive deficits' superiority over psychopathological symptoms as determinants in the SZ diagnosis. However, efforts to accurately identify specific cognitive deficits under certain forms of functional impairment remain vague. According to the recent literature, SZ is universally recognized as a neurobiological disorder with solid neurocognitive content, usually accompanied by neurological deficits. Therefore, in the present review, we will try to identify the cognitive deficits observed in SZ patients and determine their impact on the suffering of SZ patients. Furthermore, we present an overview of the tests used to assess executive functions and elaborate on the factors that affect mental performance stability.

 

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cognitive deficits, neuropsychology, schizophrenia, speech, memory, attention, intelligence

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejphs.v5i2.126

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